Chapter 1 powerpoint pt.2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1 powerpoint pt.2 Deck (27):
1

What is the difference between microsociology and macrosociology?

Microsociology, understands local interactional contexts, focusing on face-to-face encounters and gathering data through participant observations and in-depth interviews.

Macrosociology, looks at social dynamics across whole societies or large parts of them and often relies on statistical analysis to do so.

2

The focus of micro sociology is?

Individuals within society

3

The focus of macro sociology is?

Society as a whole

4

The orientation of micro sociology?

Subjective

5

The orientation of macro sociology?

Objective

6

What are the methods for micro sociology?

Participant observation and interviews

7

What are the methods for macro sociology?

Statistical analysis

8

Theory is the use of ________________ to describe behaviors and make predictions

generalization

9

Theory is the use of generalization to describe __________ and make __________

behaviors
predictions

10

Sociologists use ______ (along with methods of data collection) to help explain the ______ world

theory
social

11

Who created Grand Theory?

C Wright Mills

12

one universal way of understanding the social world, abstract

Grand Theory

13

Grand Theory=_________

Paradigm

14

integrates theory and empirical research, theoretical claims can be validated by data

Middle-range Theories

15

Who created Middle-range Theories?

Robert Merton

16

Middle-range theories

Grand

17

______-______ theories

Middle Range

18

________ is an analytic lens, a way of viewing the world and a framework from which to understand the human experience (Kuhn, 1962).

paradigm

19

Paradigm is an _______ ____, a ____ __ _______ __ _____ and a framework from which to understand the human experience (Kuhn, 1962).

analytic lens
way of viewing the world

20

Umbrella system that based on a set of assumptions that defines the object of study, how it can be studied and the possible interpretation of the results

paradigm

21

What are the Five Main Paradigms of sociology?

1. Critical/Conflict Paradigm
2. Interpretive/Symbolic Interactionism Paradigm
3. Functionalism/Structural Functionalism Paradigm
4. Postmodern Paradigm
5. Positivist Paradigm

22

What are the three core paradigms in sociology?

1. Critical/Conflict Paradigm
2. Interpretive/Symbolic Interactionism Paradigm
3. Functionalism/Structural Functionalism Paradigm

23

According to the positive paradigm, social world has law-like __________ that we can study.

regularities

24

Comte term in reference to positive paradigm “_____ _______"

"social physics"

25

Positivist paradigm is ______ free & __________

value
objective

26

Positive paradigm helps _______ and _______ rapidly changing social world

control
predict

27

Positive paradigm emerged during the _________ __________

industrial revolution