Flashcards in Chapter 4 powerpoint pt. 3 Deck (33):
True or False: fewer than half of the world’s cultures kiss in a romantic way.
Behaviors that seem so _________ to us often do not occur in the rest of the world.
Human ________ interacts with different cultures to explain various __________ humans engage in.”
Human biology interacts with different ________ to explain various behaviors humans engage in.”
Moreover, there is a strong correlation between the __________ of the romantic-sexual kiss and a society’s relative _______ ___________
What is one of the argued most powerful and influential role imposed in society?
is an institution in which one is totally immersed that controls all the basics of day-to-day life.
What are some examples of total institutions?
A change in values, beliefs, or norms through an intense social process
What are the key components to Merton's role theory?
2. ascribed status
3. achieved status
What is the difference between status, ascribed status, and achieved status?
A status is a position in society that comes with a set of expectations. (E.g. student)
An ascribed status is one we are born with that is unlikely to change. (E.g., race, sex, age)
An achieved status is one we have earned through individual effort or that is imposed by others.
(E.g. college graduate, artists, convict)
According to Merton's status and role theory, what is an example of status, ascribed status, and achieved status?
Ex. of status= student
Ex. of ascribed status= race, sex, age
Ex. of achieved status= college graduate, artists, convict
According to Merton what are the different type of status' one has?
1. Ascribed status
2. Achieved status
3. Master status
is a status that seems to override all others and affects all other statuses that one possesses.
What are roles?
the behaviors expected from a particular status.
Which type of status is this: people tend to interact with you on the basis of this status alone.
What is the difference between role conflict and role strain?
Role conflict occurs when the roles associated with one status clash with the roles associated with a different status.
Role strain occurs when roles associated with a single status clash.
Role conflict and Role Strain can lead to ______ _____
How does social construction and symbolic interactionism work together?
People give meaning or value to ideas or objects through social interactions.
It’s an ongoing process that is embedded in our everyday interactions.
The _________ has created new types of social interaction
cultural expectations on how to behave in a given situation (e.g., eye contact)
or customs are standards of behavior that are socially approved but more significant (e.g. belching loudly at dinner table in U.S.)
More strict norms that control moral and ethical behaviors, based on what’s right and wrong. People feel strongly about these. (E.g. attending church in the nude, parents believe only married people should live together)
a norm that society holds so strongly that violating it results in extreme disgust. (E.g. Muslims eating pork, pigs seen as unclean; Incest, cannibalism)
a law is a norm that is written down and enforced by an official law informant agency. (E.g. driving drunk, murder, theft, trespassing)
Who created the idea of breaching experiments?
What are breaching experiments?
having collaborators exhibit “abnormal” or “atypical” behaviors in social interactions in order to see how people would react
What is dramaturgy?
Goffman’s dramaturgical theory views social life as a theatrical performance in which we are all actors on metaphysical stages
Who created dramaturgy?
the study of methods people use for understanding and producing the social order in which they live.
In ethnomethodology people are seen as rational ______, but use practical __________ to make sense of and function in society.
Ethnomethodology generally seeks to provide an _________ to mainstream sociological approaches