Chapter 4 powerpoint pt. 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4 powerpoint pt. 1 Deck (35):
1

In terms of sociology what is a paradox?

Concepts we learn without anyone teaching us

2

the process by which individuals internalize the values, beliefs, and norms of a given society and learn to function as a member of that society.

socialization

3

Combination of _______ and ______ __________ make us who we are.

biology
social interactions

4

Going to a ___ _________ can be a limitation of socialization

new situation

5

Going to a new situation can be a limitation of ____________

socialization

6

_________ + Social Environment = self

Biology

7

Biology + ______ ____________ = self

Social Environment

8

Biology + Social Environment = _____

self

9

What are the "big fives" of psychology?

1. openness
2. conscientiousness
3. extraversion
4. agreeableness
5. neuroticism

10

Which of the "big fives" of psychology is this: inventive/curious vs consistent/cautious

openness

11

Which of the "big fives" of psychology is this: efficient/organized vs easy-going/careless

conscientiousness

12

Which of the "big fives" of psychology is this: outgoing/energetic vs solitary/reserved

extraversion

13

Which of the "big fives" of psychology is this: friendly/compassionate vs analytical/detached

agreeableness

14

Which of the "big fives" of psychology is this: sensitive/nervous vs secure/confident

neuroticism

15

What do twin studies look at?

heritability and environmental factors

16

What is the difference between agency and structure?

Agency- capacity of individuals to act independently and make their own free choices (individual choices/free will)

Structure- recurrent patterned arrangements which limit the choices or opportunities available

17

True or False: A child can learn to speak, think, and act like a normal person after long periods of isolation

False; it's impossible for any child to learn to speak, think, and act like normal person after long periods of isolation.

This is because they've missed out on what Piaget calls critical periods.

18

_______ _______ = social contacts + organic equipment

Human nature

19

Human nature = _______ _______ + organic equipment

social contacts

20

Human nature = social contacts + _______ __________

organic equipment

21

What is Charles Horton Cooley's theory about socialization?

Theorized that the “self” emerges from our ability to assume the point of view of others and imagine how those others see us.
AKA the looking glass self

22

What are the three components of the looking glass self?

1. we imagine how others see us
2. we imagine how others are judging us
3. we react accordingly

23

Who theorized that the social self develops over the course of childhood?

George Herbert Mead

24

Explain George Herbert Mead's theory of socialization.

the social self develops over the course of childhood.

25

George Herbert Mead stressed the importance of _________, ____, and ______ in helping children recognize one another

imitation
play
games

26

Who created the idea of generalized other and what is it?

George Herbert Mead

Generalized other- an internalized sense of the total expectations of others in variety of settings- regardless of whether its been encountered before

27

“___________ ______,” allows them to apply norms and behaviors learned in specific situations to new situations.

generalized other

28

“generalized other,” allows them to apply norms and behaviors learned in specific situations to ____ __________.

new situations

29

How does George Herbert Mead describe the self?

Self-individual identity of a person as perceived by that same person

30

What are the two main parts of "self"?

"I" and "Me"

31

What is the "I" sense of self?

one’s sense of agency, action, or power

32

What is the "Me" sense of self?

self as perceived as an object by the “I”,
the self as one imagines others perceive one

33

“I” is the response of the ___________ to the attitude of the community. The "I" acts creatively in the context of "___".

individual
Me

34

“I” is the response of the individual to the attitude of the _________. The "__" acts creatively in the context of "Me".

community
"I"

35

According to George Herbert Mead what is "other"?

Other: someone or something outside of oneself