Flashcards in Chapter 4 powerpoint pt. 1 Deck (35):
In terms of sociology what is a paradox?
Concepts we learn without anyone teaching us
the process by which individuals internalize the values, beliefs, and norms of a given society and learn to function as a member of that society.
Combination of _______ and ______ __________ make us who we are.
Going to a ___ _________ can be a limitation of socialization
Going to a new situation can be a limitation of ____________
_________ + Social Environment = self
Biology + ______ ____________ = self
Biology + Social Environment = _____
What are the "big fives" of psychology?
Which of the "big fives" of psychology is this: inventive/curious vs consistent/cautious
Which of the "big fives" of psychology is this: efficient/organized vs easy-going/careless
Which of the "big fives" of psychology is this: outgoing/energetic vs solitary/reserved
Which of the "big fives" of psychology is this: friendly/compassionate vs analytical/detached
Which of the "big fives" of psychology is this: sensitive/nervous vs secure/confident
What do twin studies look at?
heritability and environmental factors
What is the difference between agency and structure?
Agency- capacity of individuals to act independently and make their own free choices (individual choices/free will)
Structure- recurrent patterned arrangements which limit the choices or opportunities available
True or False: A child can learn to speak, think, and act like a normal person after long periods of isolation
False; it's impossible for any child to learn to speak, think, and act like normal person after long periods of isolation.
This is because they've missed out on what Piaget calls critical periods.
_______ _______ = social contacts + organic equipment
Human nature = _______ _______ + organic equipment
Human nature = social contacts + _______ __________
What is Charles Horton Cooley's theory about socialization?
Theorized that the “self” emerges from our ability to assume the point of view of others and imagine how those others see us.
AKA the looking glass self
What are the three components of the looking glass self?
1. we imagine how others see us
2. we imagine how others are judging us
3. we react accordingly
Who theorized that the social self develops over the course of childhood?
George Herbert Mead
Explain George Herbert Mead's theory of socialization.
the social self develops over the course of childhood.
George Herbert Mead stressed the importance of _________, ____, and ______ in helping children recognize one another
Who created the idea of generalized other and what is it?
George Herbert Mead
Generalized other- an internalized sense of the total expectations of others in variety of settings- regardless of whether its been encountered before
“___________ ______,” allows them to apply norms and behaviors learned in specific situations to new situations.
“generalized other,” allows them to apply norms and behaviors learned in specific situations to ____ __________.
How does George Herbert Mead describe the self?
Self-individual identity of a person as perceived by that same person
What are the two main parts of "self"?
"I" and "Me"
What is the "I" sense of self?
one’s sense of agency, action, or power
What is the "Me" sense of self?
self as perceived as an object by the “I”,
the self as one imagines others perceive one
“I” is the response of the ___________ to the attitude of the community. The "I" acts creatively in the context of "___".
“I” is the response of the individual to the attitude of the _________. The "__" acts creatively in the context of "Me".