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Flashcards in Chapter 6 powerpoint Deck (34):
1

What is social deviance?

is any transgression of socially established norms.

2

What are the two types of social deviance?

1. informal deviance
2. formal deviance/ crime

3

What is the difference between informal and formal deviance?

Informal deviance Minor transgressions of these norms
(E.g., farting in church).

Formal deviance/crime the violation of laws enacted by society. (E.g. stealing a car)

4

True or False: deviance is always considered bad

False; deviance isn’t necessarily bad, it’s just different

5

When sociologists use the term deviant, they are making a ______ judgment, not a moral one.

social

6

What is Social Cohesion?

the way people form social bonds, relate to each other, and get along on a day-to-day basis.(cooperation and connectedness)

7

Without ________ behavior, it's hard to classify what is normal.

deviant

8

What two things help establish social cohesion?

1. norm breaking
2. group reaction

9

When there is a ______ in collective conscience, society must ________ the deviant individual through either punishment or rehabilitation.

break
realign

10

common faith or set of social norms by which members of society abide.

collective conscience

11

________ breaks the social norms of a society

Deviance

12

Deviance breaks the social ______ of a society

norms

13

A ________ must decide collectively on how to respond to deviance

society

14

________ works to hold us together.

Deviance

15

What are the two types of Solidarity?

1. Mechanical Solidarity
2. Organic Solidarity

16

Who proposed social cohesion is established through types of solidarity?

Emile Durkhiem

17

Is this mechanical or organic solidarity: based on the sameness of society’s parts or members

Mechanical Solidarity

18

Is this mechanical or organic solidarity: Based on collective consciousness

Mechanical Solidarity

19

Is this mechanical or organic solidarity: Not a lot of social divisions, not a lot of different groups

Mechanical Solidarity

20

Is this mechanical or organic solidarity: First seen in pre-modern society

Mechanical Solidarity

21

Is this mechanical or organic solidarity: Life conditions of farmers very similar to one another during Feudal times

Mechanical Solidarity

22

Is this mechanical or organic solidarity: based on the interdependence of specialized parts or members.

Organic solidarity

23

Is this mechanical or organic solidarity: First seen in modern society

Organic solidarity

24

Is this mechanical or organic solidarity: Stratified society, different groups, division and specialization

Organic solidarity

25

What type of solidarity do we have in the U.S.?

Organic solidarity overall but it contains smaller groups with similarities—mechanical solidarity.

26

What are the two types of justice?

1. Punitive
2. Restorative/Rehabilitative

27

What is the difference between punitive and restorative/rehabilitative?

Punitive justice focuses on making the violator suffer and thus defines the boundaries of acceptable behavior.
Restorative justice focuses on… the specific circumstances of an individual transgressor and attempts to find ways to rehabilitate him or her.

28

Which type of solidarity tends to use what type of punishment?

Mechanical solidarity tends to use punitive justice.
Organic Solidarity tends to use restorative justice.

29

What type of acts are usually associated with punitive justice?

adultery, stealing vegetables, and murder

30

What type of reactions does punitive justice have?

Hang, Quarter, cut off hands

31

What type of values does punitive justice reflect?

Doesn't care about personal life, motives

32

What type of acts are usually associated with restorative justice?

stealing, selling drugs, child abuse

33

What type of reactions does restorative justice have?

rehabilitation

34

What type of values does restorative justice reflect?

Do care about motivation and personal life