Flashcards in Chapter 6 powerpoint Deck (34):
What is social deviance?
is any transgression of socially established norms.
What are the two types of social deviance?
1. informal deviance
2. formal deviance/ crime
What is the difference between informal and formal deviance?
Informal deviance Minor transgressions of these norms
(E.g., farting in church).
Formal deviance/crime the violation of laws enacted by society. (E.g. stealing a car)
True or False: deviance is always considered bad
False; deviance isn’t necessarily bad, it’s just different
When sociologists use the term deviant, they are making a ______ judgment, not a moral one.
What is Social Cohesion?
the way people form social bonds, relate to each other, and get along on a day-to-day basis.(cooperation and connectedness)
Without ________ behavior, it's hard to classify what is normal.
What two things help establish social cohesion?
1. norm breaking
2. group reaction
When there is a ______ in collective conscience, society must ________ the deviant individual through either punishment or rehabilitation.
common faith or set of social norms by which members of society abide.
________ breaks the social norms of a society
Deviance breaks the social ______ of a society
A ________ must decide collectively on how to respond to deviance
________ works to hold us together.
What are the two types of Solidarity?
1. Mechanical Solidarity
2. Organic Solidarity
Who proposed social cohesion is established through types of solidarity?
Is this mechanical or organic solidarity: based on the sameness of society’s parts or members
Is this mechanical or organic solidarity: Based on collective consciousness
Is this mechanical or organic solidarity: Not a lot of social divisions, not a lot of different groups
Is this mechanical or organic solidarity: First seen in pre-modern society
Is this mechanical or organic solidarity: Life conditions of farmers very similar to one another during Feudal times
Is this mechanical or organic solidarity: based on the interdependence of specialized parts or members.
Is this mechanical or organic solidarity: First seen in modern society
Is this mechanical or organic solidarity: Stratified society, different groups, division and specialization
What type of solidarity do we have in the U.S.?
Organic solidarity overall but it contains smaller groups with similarities—mechanical solidarity.
What are the two types of justice?
What is the difference between punitive and restorative/rehabilitative?
Punitive justice focuses on making the violator suffer and thus defines the boundaries of acceptable behavior.
Restorative justice focuses on… the specific circumstances of an individual transgressor and attempts to find ways to rehabilitate him or her.
Which type of solidarity tends to use what type of punishment?
Mechanical solidarity tends to use punitive justice.
Organic Solidarity tends to use restorative justice.
What type of acts are usually associated with punitive justice?
adultery, stealing vegetables, and murder
What type of reactions does punitive justice have?
Hang, Quarter, cut off hands
What type of values does punitive justice reflect?
Doesn't care about personal life, motives
What type of acts are usually associated with restorative justice?
stealing, selling drugs, child abuse
What type of reactions does restorative justice have?