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Flashcards in Chapter 10 Deck (38):
1

The founder of rational emotive behavior therapy is:

Aaron Beck.
William Glasser.
Albert Ellis.
Joseph Wolpe.
Frederick Perls.

Albert Ellis.

2

Rational emotive behavior therapy belongs to which category of therapy?

client-centered
Gestalt
existential-humanistic
cognitive-behavior/action oriented
psychoanalytic

cognitive-behavior/action oriented

3

The cognitive-behavioral approach to therapy stresses:

awareness, unfinished business, impasse, and experiencing.
transference, dream analysis, uncovering unconscious, and early experience.
subjectivity, existential anxiety, self-actualization, and being.
support, understanding, warmth, and empathy.
thinking, judging, analyzing, and doing.

thinking, judging, analyzing, and doing.

4

The correct components of the A-B-C theory of personality are:

a. antecedent, belief, cognitions.
b. activating events, behaviors, cognitions.
c. activating event, belief, consequence.
d. antecedent, behavior, consequences.

activating event, belief, consequence.

5

REBT views emotional disturbances as the result of:

a. inadequate mothering during infancy.
b. excessive feelings.
c. failure to fulfill our existential needs.
d. irrational thinking and behaving.

irrational thinking and behaving.

6

According to REBT, what is the core of most emotional disturbance?

a. blame
b. unfinished business
c. rage
d. resentment
e. depression

blame

7

REBT contends that people:

a. have a need to be loved and accepted by everyone.
b. do not need to be accepted and loved.
c. will become emotionally sick if they are rejected.
d. need to be accepted by most people.

do not need to be accepted and loved.

8

Which of the following statements does not reflect one of Ellis's three basic musts?

a. "If others fail to treat me well, they must be miserable human beings."
b. "I must get what I want when I want it or I won't be able to stand it."
c. "I must be kind to others or else I won't be a good person."
d. "Others must like me and appreciate my talents or else I am a failure."

"I must be kind to others or else I won't be a good person."

9

REBT employs what kind of method to help people resolve their emotional and behavioral problems?

a. the empirical method
c. the philosophical method
b. the Gestalt method
d. the phenomenological method

the empirical method

10

The main therapeutic goal of REBT is:

a. to teach clients how to recognize which ego state they are in.
b. to challenge the client in making both a value judgment and moral decision about the quality of his or her behavior.
c. to make the unconscious conscious.
d. to assist the client in becoming aware of his or her "being-in-the-world."
e. none of these

none of these

11

The main function of the rational emotive behavior therapist is to:

a. create a climate of safety and freedom from threat.
b. help the client relive past emotional traumas.
c. encourage the client to experience fully the here-and-now.
d. challenge clients to reevaluate their ideas and philosophy of life.
e. become an "existential partner" with the client

challenge clients to reevaluate their ideas and philosophy of life.

12

REBT can best be considered as:

a. a teaching/learning process.
b. an educative process.
c. a didactic process.
d. a process challenging ideas and thinking.
e. all of these.

all of these

13

The role of the client in rational emotive behavior therapy is like that of a:

a. co-therapist.
c. partner.
b. student or learner.
d. passive observer.

student or learner.

14

Which method is not employed in REBT?

a. the contract method
b. the logical analysis method
c. behavioral and action methods
d. the "homework assignment" method
e. free association

free association

15

Which theorist is known for his or her abrasive, humorous, and flamboyant style?

a. Albert Ellis
b. Judith Beck
c. Natalie Rogers
d. Aaron Beck
e. Carl Rogers

Albert Ellis

16

A feature of REBT that distinguishes it from other cognitive-behavioral therapies is:

a. its applicability to group work.
b. its use of the A-B-C theory in analyzing the client.
c. its systematic exposition of irrational beliefs that result in emotional and behavioral disturbance.
d. its use of behavioral techniques.

its systematic exposition of irrational beliefs that result in emotional and behavioral disturbance.

17

According to Ellis, we develop emotional and behavioral difficulties because:

a. we live by the values our parents gave us.
b. we do not possess any self-actualizing tendencies.
c. we refuse to deal with unfinished business.
d. we have learned maladaptive behaviors.
e. we think of simple preferences as dire needs.

we think of simple preferences as dire needs.

18

An REBT therapist would contend that anxiety stems from:

a. oppressive social conditions.
b. the internal repetition of irrational sentences.
c. unresolved issues of the past.
d. inadequate ego-defense mechanisms.
e. a normal human condition that should be accepted.

the internal repetition of irrational sentences.

19

In REBT, what method is taught to clients to help them challenge irrational beliefs?

a. autogenic method
b. phenomenological method
c. multimodal method
d. self-management method
e. disputational method

disputational method

20

Which of the following is true about the relationship between a client and a rational emotive behavior therapist?

a. Therapists make value judgments in helping their clients gain insight.
b. Personal warmth is considered to be very important.
c. Transference is encouraged to develop.
d. It is characterized by full acceptance and tolerance.
e. The therapist assumes a nondirective stance.

It is characterized by full acceptance and tolerance.

21

Which of the following REBT techniques helps a client gradually learn to deal with anxiety and challenge basic irrational thinking?

a. assertiveness training
b. biofeedback
c. cognitive homework
d. skill training
e. dream analysis

cognitive homework

22

According to REBT, it is important to change the way one uses language because:

a. language shapes thinking and behavior.
b. language shapes feelings.
c. imprecise language is one of the causes of distorted thinking processes.
d. all of these

all of these

23

The REBT technique that involves having clients imagine themselves in situations where they feel inappropriate feelings is called:

a. shame-attacking exercises.
b. disputing irrational beliefs.
c. rational-emotive imagery.
d. cognitive homework.
e. role playing.

rational-emotive imagery.

24

Which REBT technique involves having the client do the very thing they avoid because of "what people might think?"

a. role playing
b. desensitization
c. shame-attacking exercises
d. changing one's language
e. cognitive homework

shame-attacking exercises

25

To a large degree, cognitive therapy is:

a. an experiential model.
b. based on principles borrowed from Gestalt therapy.
c. a psychodynamic model.
d. a psychoeducational model.

a psychoeducational model.

26

Ellis contends that research has shown that REBT is effective in helping all types of clients.

False

hint: "all types" incorrect; not much research done; not used on psychotics

27

Ellis claims that his methods are applicable to individual therapy but that his approach does not work well in group therapy.

False

28

Cognitive behavioral group therapy stresses the importance of homework outside of the therapy session.

True

29

Ellis maintains that REBT is an eclectic form of therapy.

True

30

Ellis was originally trained as a psychoanalyst.

True

31

According to Ellis, events themselves do not cause emotional disturbances; rather it is our evaluation of these events that causes the problem.

True

32

REBT hypothesizes that we keep ourselves emotionally disturbed by the process of self-indoctrination.

True

33

Ellis suggests that most clients attend both individual and group therapy at some point in time.

True

34

REBT contends that humans need the love and acceptance of significant others in order to feel worthwhile.

False

35

Part of Ellis's motivation for developing REBT was to deal with his own problems.

True

36

There is no concept in REBT that in any way agrees with Rogers's idea of unconditional positive regard.

False

37

REBT can be effectively employed in crisis intervention.

True

38

According to REBT, what is rational corresponds to a description of subjective reality.

False