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Flashcards in Chapter 8 Deck (32):
1

Gestalt therapy is a form of:

existential therapy.
behavior therapy.
Freudian psychoanalytic therapy
neo-Freudian analytic therapy.

existential therapy.

2

The Gestalt therapist:

is mainly nondirective.
freely makes interpretations for the client.
assigns homework to bring about specific cognitive and behavior changes.
pays attention to the client's nonverbal language.
helps the client understand why he or she is behaving in self-defeating ways.

pays attention to the client's nonverbal language.

3

Often Greta, who struggles to feel good about herself, comes to sessions with slouched posture. In order to help Greta gain a clearer understanding of the inner meaning of her slouched posture, a Gestalt therapist might:

have Greta undergo hypnosis.
ask Greta to free associate to the words "slouched posture."
ask Greta to exaggerate her poor posture, which is likely to intensify her feelings attached to it.
refer her to an orthopedic surgeon to rule out scoliosis.

ask Greta to exaggerate her poor posture, which is likely to intensify her feelings attached to it.

4

Mariah tells her therapist, a Gestaltist, that she dreamt she got married to a pit bull and felt uneasy about telling her parents that she married a dog. When her parents discovered their son-in-law was a pit bull, they disowned her and suddenly became dogs themselves. In response to this dream, Mariah's therapist:

should interpret the dream for her client.
should assist her client in reliving the dream as though it was happening in the now and have her become each part of the dream.
may need to contact a psychiatric hospital (and possibly an animal shelter) since it is likely Mariah unconsciously desires to marry a dog.
should encourage her client to forget the dream since it was meaningless.

should assist her client in reliving the dream as though it was happening in the now and have her become each part of the dream.

5

The basic goal of Gestalt therapy is:

to understand why we feel as we do.
attaining awareness, and with it greater choice.
to uncover repressed material.
to help clients develop better social skills.

attaining awareness, and with it greater choice.

6

In Gestalt therapy, the relationship between client and counselor is seen as:

an existential encounter. an I/Thou interaction.
a joint venture.
all of these

all of these

7

Which of the following is not true about Fritz Perls?

He developed Gestalt therapy.
He aroused various reactions in the people he met.
During his childhood, he was a model student.
He was trained in psychoanalysis.
He gave workshops and seminars at the Esalen Institute.

During his childhood, he was a model student.

8

Gestalt therapists say that clients resist contact by means of:

introjection.
projection.
retroflection.
all of these

all of these

9

Which of the following is not true about the Gestalt view of the role of confrontation in therapy?

It is not possible to be both confrontational and gentle with clients.
Confrontation does not have to be aimed at negative traits.
It is important to confront clients with the ways they are avoiding being fully alive.
Confrontation should be a genuine expression of caring.

It is not possible to be both confrontational and gentle with clients.

10

Which of the following Gestalt techniques involves asking one person in a group to speak to each of the other group members?

the rehearsal exercise making the rounds
the reversal technique
the exaggeration technique

making the rounds

11

The empty chair technique:

helps to resolve unfinished business.
balances internal polarities.
assists clients in reowning parts of their personality.
allows clients to externalize an introject.
all of these.

all of these

12

Gestalt theory is best considered as a form of psychoanalytic therapy.

False

13

The Gestalt therapist typically uses diagnosis and interpretation as a basic part of the therapeutic process.

False

14

In the Gestaltist view, unfinished business is best explored in the present.

True

15

A Gestalt therapist pays attention to ways the client uses language

True

16

Therapy is based upon the successful resolution of the transference relationship.

False

17

Gestalt therapy makes use of a wide variety of techniques that are designed to increase the client's awareness of his or her present experiencing.

True

18

According to Perls, awareness of and by itself is not sufficient to lead to change; clients must also put their experiences into some type of cognitive framework if change is to happen.

False

19

The Gestalt approach to dream work consists of the therapist interpreting the meaning of the symbols in the dream.

Fasle

20

Since Gestalt therapists believe that questions have a tendency to keep the questioner hidden, safe, and unknown, they often ask clients to change their questions into statements.

True

21

Gestalt therapy is designed for individual counseling, and it typically does not work well in groups.

False

22

One of the contributions of Gestalt therapy is the vast empirical research that has been done to validate the specific techniques used.

False

23

Gestaltists typically ask why questions in the attempt to get clients to think about the source of their problems.

False

24

Gestalt therapy focuses on the cognitive aspects of therapy.

False

25

Gestalt techniques can be considered experiments.

True

26

Most of the Gestalt techniques are designed to intensify one's experiencing.

True

27

Gestalt therapies view a client's avoidance behavior as related to unfinished business.

True

28

In Gestalt therapy, a client's resistance is welcomed and used to deepen their therapeutic work.

True

29

Since Gestalt therapy focuses on the here-and-now, the past is neither explored nor given emphasis.

False

30

In Gestalt terms, awareness refers to our connectedness to our external and internal worlds.

True

31

Although Perls used a highly confrontational approach in dealing with client avoidance and resistance, the confrontational model is not representative of contemporary Gestalt therapy.

True

32

Gestalt group therapists use experiments to encourage clients to move from talking about action to taking action.

True