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Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (33):
1

Behavior therapy is associated with all but one of the following:

empirically supported treatments.
operant conditioning.
a philosophical view of human behavior.
a comprehensive assessment process.
functional analysis of behavior.

a philosophical view of human behavior.

2

Behavior therapy assumes that:

behavior is learned.
behavior is the result of unconscious forces.
behavior is the result of free choices.
behavior is determined by psychic energy.

behavior is learned.

3

Behavior therapy is characterized by:

the objective assessment of the results of therapy.
a focus on overt specific behavior.
the design of an appropriate treatment plan.
a formulation of precise treatment goals.
all of these.

all of these

4

Behavior therapy is based on:

a well-developed theory of personality.
applying the experimental method to the therapeutic process.
a systematic set of concepts.
the principle of self-actualization.

applying the experimental method to the therapeutic process.

5

The main goal of behavior therapy is:

eliminating maladaptive learning and providing for more effective learning.
assisting clients in making value judgments concerning their behavior.
expanding self-understanding and insight.
fostering self-actualization.

eliminating maladaptive learning and providing for more effective learning.

6

Which is not true of the relationship between therapist and client in behavior therapy?

The relationship is considered collaborative.
Therapist and client work together in a warm and flexible manner.
The therapeutic relationship is an important factor in treatment outcomes.
The therapist is solely responsible for setting treatment goals.

The therapist is solely responsible for setting treatment goals.

7

What is the function of the behavior therapist?

to provide modeling for the client
to provide a collaborative therapeutic environment
to assess specific behavior problems
to provide reinforcement for clients
all of these.

all of these

8

Which of the following is not true regarding behavior therapy?

Both therapist and client need to work together for common goals.
The client must be an active participant.
Therapy cannot be imposed on unwilling clients.
The client is merely passive while the therapist uses techniques.

The client is merely passive while the therapist uses techniques.

9

Behavior therapy is suited for:

group therapy.
institutions and clinics.
classroom learning situations.
individual therapy.
all of these.

all of these

10

Which of the following is not a basic characteristic of behavior therapy?

It is grounded in learning theory.
Many specific techniques are supported by research.
Treatment goals are specific and concrete.
Emphasis is given to observing overt behaviors.
The therapist is manipulative and controlling.

The therapist is manipulative and controlling.

11

B. F. Skinner is associated with which of the following trends in the behavioral approach?

classical conditioning
operant conditioning
relaxation training
dialectical behavior therapy
multimodal therapy

operant conditioning

12

Which of the following is not true about how behavior therapists function in the therapeutic setting?

They serve as a model for the client.
They use techniques such as summarizing, reflection, clarification, and open-ended questioning.
They systematically assess for information about all aspects of the problem.
They focus on specific aspects of problems.
All of these are true.

all of these are true

13

Phil has been in behavior therapy to address his fear of heights. The treatment will not be considered complete until:

Phil agrees to take up sky diving as a hobby.
Phil transfers what he learns in therapy to his everyday life and takes actual steps to confront his fear.
Phil has absolutely no fear of heights, which may be measured by his willingness to move to one of the top floors of a skyscraper.
Phil acknowledges his fear.

Phil transfers what he learns in therapy to his everyday life and takes actual steps to confront his fear.

14

What is not a part of the steps in a self-directed change program?

working out a plan for change
selection of specific goals
self-reinforcement procedures
exploration of one's family constellation
self-monitoring

exploration of one's family constellation

15

Haley has difficulty turning down dates and consistently allows men to take advantage of her. A behavioral intervention that may help Haley establish appropriate boundaries with others and speak up for herself is:

stress inoculation training.
EMDR.
In vivo flooding.
assertion training.
anger management.

assertion training.

16

Which of the following clinical strategies is not necessarily employed during assertion training?

modeling
relaxation
feedback
social reinforcement
homework assignments

relaxation

17

Which of the following would not be considered a feature of a good self-contract?

It emphasizes the positive.
It is a verbal agreement between client and therapist.
It is clear and specific.
It includes a balance of appropriate rewards and sanctions.
It is based on realistic change goals.

It is a verbal agreement between client and therapist.

18

A limitation of behavior therapy is:

the overemphasis on feeling and the neglect of cognition.
the overemphasis upon insight.
the need for long-term treatment to effect change.
the lack of empirical research validating its techniques.
none of these

none of these

19

Wolpe's systematic desensitization is based on the principles of:

classical conditioning.
operant conditioning.
motivational interviewing.
cognitive therapy.
modeling.

classical conditioning.

20

The situation in which behaviors are influenced by the consequences that follow them is:

flooding.
modeling.
classical conditioning. operant conditioning.

operant conditioning.

21

Skinner's view of shaping behavior is based on the principle of:

acceptance.
operant conditioning.
reciprocal inhibition. classical conditioning.

operant conditioning.

22

____involves the removal of unpleasant stimuli from a situation once a certain behavior has occurred.

Positive reinforcement
Punishment
Negative reinforcement
Systematic desensitization
Flooding

Negative reinforcement

23

All of the following are characteristics of the behavioral approaches except:

Behavior therapy specifies treatment goals in concrete and objective terms.
Behavior therapy employs the same procedures to every client with a particular dysfunctional behavior.
Behavior therapy focuses on the client's current problems and the factors influencing them.
Behavior therapy relies on the principles and procedures of the scientific method.

Behavior therapy employs the same procedures to every client with a particular dysfunctional behavior.

24

Behavior therapists tend to:

be active and directive. function as problem solvers.
function as consultants
all of these

all of these

25

If your client wanted to change a behavior, for instance, learning to control smoking, drinking, or eating, which behavioral technique would be most appropriate to employ?

assertion training
systematic desensitization
punishment
self-management

self-management

26

In group settings, behavior therapists provide all of the following except:

modeling.
little direct feedback.
teaching of new skills. directive support of clients.

little direct feedback.

27

Some counselors feel behavior therapy is too focused on symptoms and not causes of problems.

True

28

Behavior therapy has been successfully used with developmentally delayed clients.

True

29

A trend in contemporary behavior therapy is the increased emphasis on the role of thinking and "self-talk" as a factor in behavior.

True

30

Some researchers believe that fear of flying may be due primarily to claustrophobia.

True

31

Behavior therapy has been shown to be effective in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease.

True

32

There is no place for the role of thinking process and attitudes in contemporary behavior therapy.

False

33

Behavior therapists believe that insight is not a necessary condition for behavior change to occur.

True