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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (41):
1

A person who unconsciously exhibits overly nice behavior to conceal hostile feelings is probably using which ego defense?

reaction formation
projection
introjection
displacement
regression

reaction formation

2

One of the most important Freudian concepts, which consists of pushing unacceptable life events and painful feelings into the unconscious, is:

regression.
rationalization.
projection.
repression.
displacement.

repression.

3

The ego defense mechanism in which a person exhibits behavior that clearly shows signs of reverting to less mature stages is ____?

regression
fixation
introjection
reaction formation
rationalization

regression

4

Attributing to others the qualities or traits that are unacceptable to our own ego is best described as:

displacement.
reaction formation.
projection.
introjection.
none of these.

projection.

5

The basic aim of psychoanalytic therapy is:

to change overt behavior.
to correct irrational thinking.
to treat specific learning disorders.
to make the unconscious material conscious.

to make the unconscious material conscious.

6

A major characteristic of the classical psychoanalytic therapist is:

openness and self-disclosure.
a deeply personal and sharing relationship.
a focus on specific behavior and an objective appraisal of learned patterns of behavior.
a sense of being anonymous.

a sense of being anonymous.

7

The "fundamental rule" for the client in psychoanalysis is:

writing down dreams.
willingness to do "homework assignments."
forming a contract with the therapist.
participating in free association.

participating in free association.

8

The technique whereby the analyst explains the meaning of certain behavior is known as:

rationalization.
interpretation.
free association.
transference.
countertransference.

interpretation

9

The concept of resistance can best be described as:

everything that prevents a client from producing unconscious material.
that which needs to be analyzed and interpreted.
an unwillingness to freely share with the analyst certain thoughts and feelings.
an inevitable part of psychoanalytic therapy.
all of these

all of these (everything that prevents a client from producing unconscious material; that which needs to be analyzed and interpreted; an unwillingness to freely share with the analyst certain thoughts and feelings; an inevitable part of psychoanalytic therapy)

10

A person who manages their anxiety by distorting reality and failing to acknowledge painful events is most likely using:

denial.
compensation.
introjection.
undoing.
sublimation.

denial

11

Directing energy toward another object or a person (when anxiety is reduced by focusing on a "safer target") is known as:

repression.
displacement.
introjection.
compensation.
sublimation.

displacement

12

Manufacturing "good" reasons to explain away a bruised ego, or to explain away failures or losses, is known as:

displacement.
rationalization.
projection.
reaction formation.
introjection.

rationalization

13

The young adult who adopts his parent's outdated political beliefs to avoid unpleasant feelings of anxiety is an example of:

projection.
displacement.
sublimation.
introjection.
reaction formation.

introjection
(hint: take on feelings/beliefs that are not mine and do not challenge them; blind devotion)

14

The ego defense mechanism that consists of masking perceived weaknesses or developing certain positive traits to make up for limitations is known as:

regression.
compensation.
reaction formation.
sublimation.
introjection.

compensation

15

The process of redirecting sexual energy into some form of socially acceptable behavior is known as:

denial.
displacement.
repression.
sublimation.
compensation.

sublimation

16

In Freud's view, an individual experiencing neurotic anxiety feels:

a realistic threat is present in the environment.
he has behaved in a manner that is inconsistent with his moral code.
guilt associated with past actions.
he will not be able to control his instincts and will behave inappropriately.

he will not be able to control his instincts and will behave inappropriately.

17

Freud used the term libido in which of the following ways?

to refer to the energy of all the life instincts
To refer to the death instincts
To account for the aggressive drive
To refer to sexual abuse

to refer to the energy of all the life instincts

18

In Erikson's view, the major developmental task in adolescence is:

intimacy vs. isolation.
initiative vs. guilt.
identity vs. shame and doubt.
integrity vs. despair.
identity vs. role confusion.

identity vs. role confusion.

19

Jacqueline feels guilty whenever she considers taking a day off from work for personal reasons. Which of the psychic structures postulated by Freud is fueling her guilt feelings?

The id
The ego
The superego

The superego

20

The main function of the ego is:

to seek pleasure in life.
to inhibit id impulses.
to strive for perfection.
to mediate between the instincts and the surrounding environment.

to mediate between the instincts and the surrounding environment.

21

All of the following are true about the superego except:

It governs, controls and regulates the personality.
It inhibits id impulses.
It is the judicial branch of personality.
It represents the ideal.
It is the internalization of the standards of parents and society.

It governs, controls and regulates the personality (job of ego)
REST ARE ALL TRUE:
b. It inhibits id impulses.
c. It is the judicial branch of personality.
d. It represents the ideal.
e. It is the internalization of the standards of parents and society.

22

Henry has the impulse to gamble excessively whenever he goes to Las Vegas. Aware of this, he has decided to turn down a job offer in Las Vegas to avoid the temptation to gamble. What part of Henry's personality helped him to reach this decision?

The superego
The ego
The id

The ego

23

All of the following are true about a therapist's countertransference reactions except:

they can provide rich understanding of the client's experience.
they should be avoided.
they have the potential to interfere with effective treatment.
they should be carefully monitored by the therapist.

they should be avoided.

24

Which of the following statements is true about the relationship a client has with his or her analyst?

The analyst is free to engage in spontaneous self-expression if a client makes an erroneous comment.
The client is free to express any idea or feeling as long as it is not scandalous.
The client is encouraged to use "solution talk" and avoid talking about problems.
The client is free to express any idea or feeling, no matter how irresponsible, scandalous, politically incorrect, selfish, or infantile.

The client is free to express any idea or feeling, no matter how irresponsible, scandalous, politically incorrect, selfish, or infantile.

25

Individuals who display exhibitionistic traits, seek attention and admiration from others, and are extremely self-absorbed might have which of the following personality disorders?

narcissistic
borderline
dependent
obsessive-compulsive

narcissistic

26

It is of paramount importance that therapists develop some level of objectivity and not react defensively and subjectively in the face of:

anger.
love.
criticism.
adulation.
all of these.

all of these (anger, love, criticism, adulation)

27

Analytic therapy is oriented toward:

identifying and experiencing feelings and memories.
reconstructing childhood experiences.
developing an in-depth self-understanding.
achieving insight.
all of these

all of these (identifying and experiencing feelings and memories; reconstructing childhood experiences; developing an in-depth self-understanding; achieving insight)

28

As a result of the client/therapist relationship in psychoanalytic therapy:

clients acquire insights into their own unconscious psychodynamics.
awareness is increased on the client's part.
clients are better able to understand the association between their past experiences and their current behavior.
all of these

all of these (clients acquire insights into their own unconscious psychodynamics; awareness is increased on the client's part; clients are better able to understand the association between their past experiences and their current behavior)

29

In psychoanalytic therapy, how do clients work with their dreams?

They report their dreams and are encouraged to free associate to the elements of the dream.
They look for mystical meanings underlying the dream.
They "become" each part of their dream and act out these parts in fantasy.
They look to their dreams as signs of prediction of the future.

They report their dreams and are encouraged to free associate to the elements of the dream.

30

The ego is the original structure of personality.

False
(Hint: original structure is ID; ego: governs/controls/regulates personality)

31

The Freudian view of human nature is deterministic.

True

32

The id is related to the concept of libido.

True

33

Freud postulated the concepts of both life instincts and death instincts.

True

34

According to Freud, consciousness constitutes the largest part of one's psychological functioning.

False

35

Ego-defense mechanisms, by their very nature, imply psychopathology.

False

36

Free association is one of the basic tools used to gain access to the unconscious.

True

37

Analytically oriented therapists typically interpret free associations, dreams, resistances, and transferences.

True

38

Resistance, in the analytic view, results from either a conscious unwillingness on the part of the client to cooperate, or from the ineptness of the therapist in developing a sound therapeutic program.

False

39

The analysis of transference is a central technique in psychoanalysis.

True

40

The working-through process consists of repetitive and elaborate explorations of unconscious material and defenses, most of which originated in early childhood.

True

41

The psychoanalytic approach provides practitioners with a framework for understanding the origins and functions of symptoms.

True