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Flashcards in Chapter 11 Deck (48):
1

Sandra is a reality therapist who is meeting her client Paul, who struggles with career indecision, for the first time. How might she begin her work with Paul?

a. by asking about his earliest recollections
b. by diagnosing his problem using the DSM
c. by asking Paul what he wants from therapy
d. by asking him to take a career inventory

by asking Paul what he wants from therapy

2

Reality therapy is best categorized as:

a. a brand of psychoanalytic therapy.
b. a form of nondirective therapy.
c. a derivative of Gestalt therapy.
d. a derivative of Adlerian therapy.
e. a form of cognitive behavior therapy.

a form of cognitive behavior therapy.

3

Reality therapy has gained popularity with:

a. school teachers, both elementary and secondary.
b. rehabilitation workers.
c. school counselors and administrators.
d. all of the above

all of the above

4

Reality therapy is best described as:

a. an experiential therapy stressing feelings and attitudes.
b. an intensive and long-term therapy.
c. an insight therapy.
d. a rational therapy.
e. a short-term therapy that stresses doing.

a short-term therapy that stresses doing.

5

The client's quality world consists of all of the following except:

a. beliefs.
b. activities that fulfill our needs.
c. images of people who enrich our lives.
d. insight.

insight

6

WDEP stands for:

a. wants, doing, self-evaluation, planning.
b. wants, direction, efficacy, planning.
c. wishes, direction, engagement, purpose.
d. wants, decision, self-evaluation, perception.

wants, doing, self-evaluation, planning.

7

A reality therapist would most likely respond to a client's complaint of melancholy, sad mood by saying:

a. "Sounds like you're depressive."
b. "Sounds like you have depression."
c. "Sounds like you're depressing."
d. "Sounds like you're depressed."

"Sounds like you're depressing."

8

The function of the reality therapist is:

a. to encourage clients to make a value judgment concerning the quality of their behavior.
b. to assist clients in dealing with the present.
c. to confront clients about specific irrational thoughts and ideas and to teach them to think rationally.
d. to reindoctrinate clients with the acceptable standards for living.

to assist clients in dealing with the present

9

In reality therapy, the counseling environment is:

a. characterized by a therapeutic climate that establishes the foundation for implementing procedures .
b. the time to explore past trauma.
c. highly structured with the aim of changing cognitions.
d. conducive to restructuring one's personality.

characterized by a therapeutic climate that establishes the foundation for implementing procedures .

10

Which of the following procedures would a reality therapist be least likely to employ?

a. engaging in homework to change behaviors
b. skillful questioning
c. making action plans
d. reliving an early childhood event
e. encouraging clients to look at what they are doing

reliving an early childhood event

11

Which of the following is not a function of the reality therapist?

a. setting limits in the therapeutic setting
b. getting clients to be specific about how they will make desired changes
c. focusing on areas in the client's life that need improvement so that he or she can achieve a "success identity"
d. helping clients reformulate their plans, if necessary
e. confronting clients by not accepting their excuses

focusing on areas in the client's life that need improvement so that he or she can achieve a "success identity"

12

All of the following are true about planning and commitment in reality therapy, except:

a. Clients make a commitment to carry out their plans.
b. A great deal of time is spent on this step of reality therapy.
c. Commitment puts the responsibility for changing on the client.
d. There is a connection between a person's identity and their level of commitment.
e. Therapists only ask for commitments that are reasonable.

A great deal of time is spent on this step of reality therapy.

13

What do reality therapists believe about the use of questions?

a. Relevant questions help clients gain insights and arrive at plans and solutions.
b. They should rarely be used.
c. There is no such thing as excessive questioning; the more the better!
d. Closed questions are more helpful than open-ended questions.

Relevant questions help clients gain insights and arrive at plans and solutions.

14

Reality therapists are likely to deal with all of the following except for:

a. asking clients to recall, report, and share dreams.
b. a client's relationships with significant others.
c. what a client is currently doing.
d. assisting clients in developing an action plan geared for change.
e. what clients are thinking and feeling, when this relates to what they are doing.

asking clients to recall, report, and share dreams.

15

A reality therapist will primarily focus on:

a. past behavior.
b. thoughts.
c. present behavior.
d. the client's personal history.
e. feelings.

present behavior.

16

In reality therapy, the purpose of developing an action plan is:

a. to arrange for successful experience.
b. to arrive at the ultimate solution to a client's problem.
c. to encourage clients to stretch beyond their limits.
d. to teach clients to "think big."

to arrange for successful experience.

17

In reality therapy, when a client fails to carry out their plans, the therapist will:

a. use a behavioral form of punishment.
b. challenge the client to accept the reasonable consequence of his or her behavior.
c. "put the client down" to arouse their anger and motivate them to change.
d. accept their excuses.
e. make a value judgment about the client's behavior.

challenge the client to accept the reasonable consequence of his or her behavior.

18

Reality therapy rests on the central idea that:

a. thinking largely determines how we feel and behave.
b. the way to change dysfunctional behavior is to reexperience a situation in which we originally became psychologically stuck.
c. environmental factors largely control what we are doing.
d. we choose our behavior and are responsible for what we do, think, and feel.

we choose our behavior and are responsible for what we do, think, and feel.

19

Glasser would agree with all of the following conclusions except:

a. We strive to change the world outside ourselves to match our internal pictures of what we want.
b. We do not have to be the victim of our past.
c. We are most likely to change if we are threatened by punishment.
d. We have more control over our lives than we believe.
e. We often seek therapy when we do not have the relationships we want.

We are most likely to change if we are threatened by punishment.

20

The core of reality therapy consists of:

a. teaching clients how to acquire rational beliefs instead of irrational beliefs.
b. teaching clients to take effective control of their own lives.
c. giving clients opportunities to express unresolved feelings.
d. helping clients to understand their unconscious dynamics.

teaching clients to take effective control of their own lives.

21

All of the following are procedures that are commonly used in reality therapy except:

a. exploring wants, needs, and perceptions.
b. exploring early recollections.
c. planning and commitment.
d. skillful questioning.
e. focusing on current behavior.

exploring early recollections.

22

All of the following are key characteristics of contemporary reality therapy except for:

a. Clients are helped to get connected or reconnected with the people they have chosen to put in their quality world.
b. Therapy is kept in the present.
c. There is a focus on talking about symptoms that bring a client into therapy.
d. There is a rejection of the notion of transference.
e. Emphasis is on choice and responsibility.

There is a focus on talking about symptoms that bring a client into therapy.

23

According to Glasser, many of the problems of clients are caused by:

a. sibling rivalry.
b. early childhood trauma.
c. the failure to succeed in changing the other person in the relationship.
d. unfinished business with parents.
e. their inability to connect or to have a satisfying relationship with at least one of the significant people in their lives.

their inability to connect or to have a satisfying relationship with at least one of the significant people in their lives.

24

Reality therapists believe in a biological basis for mental illness.

False

25

Reality therapy is not well-suited to group counseling.

False

26

Reality therapy cautions against the therapist mentoring the client.

False

27

Glasser believes the need to love and to belong are secondary needs.

False

28

According to reality therapists, we are not born blank slates waiting to be externally motivated by forces in the world around us.

True

29

Reality therapists see therapeutic value in working with a client's dreams.

False

30

Reality therapists ask clients to take a hard look at whether their current actions are working for them.

True

31

The core of reality therapy is developing a plan for change as a way of translating talk into action

True

32

The first step in the process of reality therapy consists of a comprehensive assessment leading to a specific diagnosis.

False

33

Commitment puts the responsibility directly on clients for changing.

true

34

Reality therapists refuse to accept excuses.

True

35

Reality therapists use punishment as a way to help clients follow through with their plans and commitments.

False

36

Reality therapy tends to be a long-term approach

False

37

Reality therapy is a popular approach in correctional work.

True

38

Therapeutic contracts are frequently used in reality therapy.

True

39

Reality therapy is basically active, directive, practical, didactic, cognitive, and behavioral.

True

40

Choice theory is based on the assumption that people are in charge of their own destiny.

True

41

Clients are expected to focus on their feelings and attitudes, and then their behavior will change.

False

42

Glasser recommends that therapists look back for the causes of a client's present failures.

False

43

A main function of the reality therapist is to encourage clients to assess their behavior to determine how well it is working for them.

True

44

Reality therapy is often used in treating drug and alcohol abusers.

True

45

It is the job of the reality therapist to convey the idea that no matter how bad things are there is hope.

True

46

The SAMIC3 plan is an essential part of the evaluation phase of the WDEP system.

False

47

Regarding group work, members provide one another with feedback regarding their choices and plans.

True

48

Reality therapy has strong empirical support.

False