Chapter 10: Family Groups and Systems Flashcards Preview

SOC 111 > Chapter 10: Family Groups and Systems > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 10: Family Groups and Systems Deck (26):
1

Institution

Area of social life that contributes to goals while following patterns

2

Smallest unit of a family - families consisting of a husband and wife with or w/o children

Conjugal

3

Nuclear Family

families where two or more persons are related by blood, marriage or adoption and live together

4

The nuclear family formed by marriage

Family of procreation

5

Modified-extended family structure

Individual nuclear families retain considerable autonomy yet maintain in other nuclear families in their extended family

6

The web of relationships among people linked by common ancestry, adoption or marriage

Kinship

7

Serial/sequential monogamy

marriage to more than one person through one's life through divorce and remarriage

8

A man has multiple marriages at the same time

Polygyny

9

A woman has multiple husbands at the same time

Polyandry

10

Many men married to many women

Group marriage

11

Fraternal polyandry

A form of polyandry where brothers are co-husbands

12

A family norm that newly married couples should live separate from their parents

Neolocal

13

A family norm that newly wed couples should live with the husband's family

Patrilocal

14

Bilateral lineage

A descent system in which influence, wealth and power are assigned to both sides of the family

15

Egalitarian model

Decisions are equally divided by husband and wife

16

Malinowski's idea that every society has a rule that every child should have a legitimate father to act as child's protector/guardian in society

Principle of legitimacy

17

Families composed of at least one formerly married spouse and the children of the previous marriage(s) and new marriage

Blended families

18

Where does conflict in families stem from?

Unequal distribution of resources - inequality/male dominance because of physical strength and limitations of childbirth

19

Complementary needs

A theory of mate selection based on the idea that people marry those who provide need gratification when needs tend to be complementary rather than similar

20

An intimate arrangement in which two unmarried, unrelated adults live together

Non-marital cohabitation

21

Family of orientation

The nuclear family into which one was born and in which one was reared

22

A family system in which descent and inheritance are traced through the father's line

Patrilineal

23

Exchange perspective on families

Rewards and costs determine norms in mate selection.

Factors like money, prestige, family position or power (most of the world) vs. love, affection, emotional support, beauty, personality, fulfillment of needs (U.S. and others)

24

Interactionist Perspective on families

Stresses the importance of analyzing marriages and other relationships in the context they occur. Role exceptions may differ depending on setting. Ex: Marital counseling analyzes how the spouses may react to each other in response to how they interpret their actions

25

A Development Perspective on Family

Families pass through a life cycle where failure in earlier tasks leads to increased difficulty in later tasks. Ex: first stage - marriage, second stage - birth of first child, etc.

26

U.S. divorce rates

one of the highest in the world