Chapter 3: Culture and Society Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 3: Culture and Society Deck (21):
1

Culture

A system of ideas, values, beliefs, knowledge, norms, customs and technology shared by everyone in a society

2

Ethnocentrism

The view that one's culture own cultures is superior to others and should be used as the standard in which other are judged

3

A group of interacting people who live in a specific geographical area who are organized in a cooperative manner, and who share a common culture

Society

4

Cultural Relativism

the belief that cultures must be judged on their own terms rather than by the standards of another culture

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Formal and informal rules of conduct and social expectations for behaviors

Norms

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Something that is used to represent something else such as a word, gesture, or object

Symbol

7

Sapir-Whorf hypothesis

The hypothesis that societies w/ different language characterize the world differently

8

Ideas and beliefs shared by the people in a society about what is important and worthwhile

Values

9

Views that people share about what is true or what really exists

Beliefs

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Norms of conduct of everyday life that bring only mind censure or punishment if they are violated

Folkways

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Norms of conduct with strong feelings of right or wrong, violations of which bring intense reaction and some type of punishment

Mores

12

Mores that prohibit something

Taboos

13

Pathology of Normalcy

The concept that cultural norms are not always beneficial for a society group or individual

14

The application of nonmaterial and material knowledge by a society to maintain its standards of living and lifestyle

Technology

15

Physical products or objects created through human actions

Artifacts

16

Cultural lag

The tendency for nonmaterial to lag behind material culture

17

High culture

The materials and ideas of the wealthy or upper classes (in contrast to pop culture)

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Folk Culture

The culture of working class or ethnic groups

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A subculture that adheres to a set of norms and values that contradict dominant culture

Counterculture

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Aspects of culture that are shared by all people, such as symbols, shelter, food, and a belief system

Cultural Universals

21

Idioculture

The system of knowledge, beliefs, behaviors, and customs that is unique to a given group