Chapter 9: Gender Differentiation Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9: Gender Differentiation Deck (11):
1

Gender

A social status that refers to differences between the sexes, specifically to differences in masculinity and femininity

2

Social Bases of Gender Differentiation

Parents assume females are non-aggressive by nature - discourage rough, competitive activities
Parents assume males are have physical/analytic ability by nature
- encourage activities like puzzles and sports = boys become good at them

3

Structural Functional Theory in Gender Differentiation

Women play expressive role: raising children, maintaining home, clean clothes, provide food
Men play instrumental roles: protects and provides for family; "head of the household"

4

Conflict Theory in Gender Differentiation

Women's relative social status, domestic violence, rape and disparages in wages = results from men

5

Beguines

Communes existing during the Middle Ages that consisted of peasant women who chose not to marry and took vow of celibacy

6

primary labor market

The labor market reserved for people who will advance to high-level positions. Offers job security, on-the-job training, high wages, and frequent promotions. Corp. managers, professionals, and engineers belong to this market.

7

secondary labor market

The labor market in which jobs pay poorly, there is little job security and there are few promotions or salary increases. Most women work in the secondary labor force in secretarial typical and clerical jobs

8

comparable worth

Evaluating and rewarding different occupations equally if the work in each occupation requires the same level of skill and is of equal value to employer

9

Autonomy

The ability to decide how work will be done

10

Feminization of Poverty

An increase in the proportion of women below the poverty line, particularly female heads of households

11

acquaintance rape

Rape by someone who is known to the person being raped (such as in date rape)