Chapter 10 Nail Disorders And Diseases Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 10 Nail Disorders And Diseases Deck (29):
1

Clients with skin or nails that are infected , inflamed, or swollen should be referred to a (n)

Physician

2

Visible depressions running across the width of the natural nail plate that are a result of a major illness or injury are known as

Beaus lines

3

What is a condition in which blood clots from under the nail plate due to small injury of the nail plate

Bruised nails

4

Which type of nail has a noticeably thin, white nail plate , and is more flexible than a normal nail?

Eggshell

5

When the eponychium or other living tissue surrounds the nail plate becomes split or torn, a what occurs

Hangnail

6

Which treatment should be suggested to an individual with a simple hangnail

Hot oil manicure

7

Redness , pain , and swelling are best described as signs of a(n)

Infection

8

Minor damage to the matrix that produces a whitish discoloration or white spots on the nail is known as

Leukonychia

9

A dark band within the nail plate extending from the base to the free edge due to j creased pigmentation is

Melaninychia

10

Melancyrates are

Pigment cells

11

Split or brittle nails with a series of lengthwise ridges and a rough appearance to the surface of the nail plate is known as

Onychorrhexis

12

Excessive use of what can cause onychorrhexis

Cuticle removers

13

A highly curved nail plate often called "folded nail", cause by injury to the matrix or inherited is a(n)

Plicatured nail

14

What often leads to ingrown nails

Plicatured nails

15

Ridges running vertically down the natural nail plate are caused by

Uneven growth and age

16

Physical trauma or injury to the nail bed that damages the capillaries and allows small amount of blood flow result in what

Splinter hemorrhages

17

What are always positioned lengthwise in the direction of growth

Splinter hermorrahages

18

The disorder in which the edges of the nail plate curl around to form a sharp cone at the free edge is called

Trumpet nail

19

Moriah gas nail deformity. The general term for her condition is

Onychosis

20

Inflammation of the nail matrix followed by shredding of the nail plate is known as

Onychia

21

Refers to a fungal infection of the nail

Onychomycosis

22

Which parasite , under some condition can cause infections to the feet and hands

Fungi

23

Discoloration if the nail plate from infections of the fingernails or toenails are usually the result of

Bacterial infections

24

A natural occurring skin bacterium that can grow out of control and cause nail infections , incorrectly referred to as mold , is

Pseudomonas aerruginosa

25

In the early stages , a typical bacterial infection in the nail plate can be identified as a

Yellow green spot

26

A friend shows you paperwork from a doctor stating he has tinea pedis. What his condition?

Athletes foot

27

Tiny pits or severe roughness in the surface of the nail plate is an indication of

Nail psoriasis

28

The lifting of the nail plate from the bed without shedding is a sign of

Onycholysis

29

The surface of a healthy nail should be

Smooth and unspotted