Chapter 6 - Anatomy Flashcards Preview

milady 2012 > Chapter 6 - Anatomy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 6 - Anatomy Deck (40):
0

What is known as micro anatomy

Histology

1

The basic unit of all living things is?

cells

2

The chemical process in living organisms where by cells are nourished and carry out their activities is?

metabolism

3

The phase of metabolism that involves the breaking down of complex compounds within cells into smaller ones is ?

catabolism (p.114)

4

The tissue that binds together, protects, and supports parts of the body is?

connective tissue

5

Structures composed of specialized tissues designed to perform specific functions in plant and animals are?

organs

6

Thee facial skeleton has how many bones?

14

7

The bone that forms the back of the skull a bone above the nape is the what?

occipital bone

8

The bone that forms the forehead is the what?

frontal bone

9

Two bones that form the sides of the head in the ear region are the what?

Temporal bones

10

The bones that joins all of the bones of the cranium together is ?

sphenoid

11

The cheek bones are called the malar bones or the what?

Zygomatic bone

12

The elastic, bony cage that acts as the protective framework is the what?

thorax

13

The uppermost and largest bone of the arm, extending from the elbow to the shoulder is the what?

humerus

14

The inner and larger bones of the forearm, attached at the wrist and located on the side of the little finger is the what?

ulna

15

The bones in the fingers or digits are called what?

Phalanges

16

The heavy , long bone that forms the leg above the knee is called the what?

femur

17

The ankle joint is composed of how many bones?

three

18

Muscles that are attached to bones and are voluntary or consciously controlled are what?

straited muscles

19

The part of the muscles that moves and is the farthest from the skeleton is?

Insertion

20

Pressure in massage is usually directed from the what?

Insertion to the origin

21

The muscle of the scalp that raises the eyebrows draws the scalp forward and causes wrinkles across the forehead is the what?

Fontalis

22

The muscle of the neck that lowers and rotates the head is

sternocleidomastoideus

23

The ring muscle of the eye socket that enables you to close your eyes is the what?

orbicularius oculi

24

The muscle that draws the eyebrow down and wrinkles the forehead vertically is the what muscle?

Corrgator muscle

25

The muscle that covers the back of the neck and upper and middle region of the back is the

trapezius

26

Extensor muscles that turn the hand in ward so the palm faces downwar are

pronator

27

Muscles that separate the fingers are

abductors

28

The nervous system as a whole is divided into how many main subdivisions?

Three

29

The nervous system that controls the voluntary functions of the five senses is the what?

Centeral

30

The largest and most complex nerve tissue of the body is the what?

brain

31

The largest of the cranial nerves is what?

The 5th cranial nerve

32

What supples impulses to the skin on the outer side and back of the foot and leg

sural nerve

33

A lower, thick walled chamber of the heart is the what?

ventrical

34

Thin walled blood vessels that are less elastic than arteries and located closer to the skins surface are what?

veins

35

What gives blood its color

Hemoglobin

36

The main arteries that supply blood to the head, neck and face are the what arteries

common carotid arteries

37

Ductless glands that release secretion of hormones directly into bloodstream are what glands?

endocrine glands

38

Insulin, adrenaline and estrogen are examples of what

Hormones

39

The word integument means what

natural covering