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Gender Studies (WMST 103) > Chapter 11 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 11 Deck (14)
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1

Ablism

Prejudice on the basis of ability, with two main features: first, ignoring or rendering invisible of people with disabilities, and second, viewing people with disabilities as fundamentally defined and limited by disabilities.
Ablism has obvious links towards discrimination against the disabled, but this is not its only form.

2

beauty myth

A system of social control that encourages women to focus on their appearances to the detriment of full development of their humanity.
Wolf identifies the development of this myth as a retrenchment of male domination in the face of women's increasing equality in the 20th century.

3

colourism

A system that privileges and values lighter skin, and rewards lighter-skinned people. It may also privilege certain other features, ie. straight hair for African decent communities. However, it should be noted that within "white" culture, there is also good hair.

4

disability

As defined by WHO, disability is an umbrella term, covering impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions. Can be body function impairment, activity limitation of an individual executing an action, problems with life situations, etc.

5

fetishization

To be made into an object of habitual erotic fixation

6

gender dysphoria

a psychiatric category describing persistent discomfort with one's biological sex.

7

Gender verification (sex testing)

(used to be called sex testing), has involved a variety of tests conducted on female athletes to be sure that they are biologically female.

8

male gaze

The dominant cultural way of seeing, which adopts the perspective of a desiring heterosexual male subject (no matter what the person's sex or orientation)

9

purdah

the (primarily Islamic) practice of the social seclusion of women; a system of segregation aimed at keeping women (particularly married and marriageable ones) completely separated from the world of men.

10

self-objectification

the process of internalizing an outsider's perspective on one's own body, leading to a preoccupation with one's appearance and comportment as perceived by others.

11

transgendered

feeling a strong sense of gender identity consonant with inhabiting an opposite-sex body

12

transsexual

an individual who seeks sex reassignment and thus changes sex

13

transvestites

those who dress in the clothing of the opposite sex, for reasons including matters of identity, disruption of social norms, or sexual fetishism.

14

Title IX

a US law enacted in 1972 that prohibits people to be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving federal funding on the basis of sex.