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Gender Studies (WMST 103) > Chapter 7 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 7 Deck (12)
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chilly climate

the phenomenon whereby one is "frozen out" in a particular environment. One may be tolerated, but one feels excluded and is not welcomed as members of other groups apparently are.


educational premium

The monetary return one receives by pursuing further education. This can be calculated statistically based on average earnings for people with varying degrees of education.


gender intensification

the term refers to two linked phenomena of adolescence:

1) increased pressure to conform to gendered expectations
2) an increased rigidity regarding gender norms


hidden curriculum

the lessons and rules learned in school that are not part of what is formally transmitted by the teachers and the official curriculum


hostile environment

Originally an American legal category that describes a workplace where workers are subjected to sexual harassment and thus fear the workplace. The concept is easily transferred to schools.


imperial manhood

a concept that linked 'manliness' to one's duty to the British Empire and to the success and superiority of British culture; this idea had strong effects on education in the 19th century



Lesbian, Gay, Bi, Trans, Queer and Questioning. This is, today, the most commonly used term to encompass all non-heterosexuals.


moral panic

a popular idea about societal decline; often, moral panics link a real or imagined social problem (ie crime) to a particular group of people (ie single mothers/fatherlessness)



A person's sense of his or her worth. It can be measured wither by particular indicators, which assess how well one feels about particular aspects of oneself (ie "I like my body") or 'globally' in overall terms


sexual harassment

A broad concept that encompasses many behaviours:
unwelcomed sexual attention, the offering of benefits for sexual favours, coercion into sexual activity, or bullying and harassment on the ground of one's gender.
The standard definition in Canada is 'unwelcome conduct of a sexual nature that detrimentally affects the work environment or leads to adverse-job-related consequences for the victim of the harassment'. In the USA, two subtypes are distinguished.
-quid pro quo and hostile environment



in universities, a form of permanent labour contract that prohibits termination without just cause and ensures the academic freedom of a professor


Title IX

A US law, enacted in 1972, that states 'no person in the US shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance