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Flashcards in Chapter 11 Deck (34):
0

What was the change from an agrarian society to one based on industry?

Industrial Revolution

1

Where did the Industrial Revolution begin in America?

New England

2

What is capitalism?

The Economic System of the US

Individuals put their capital into a business in hopes of making a profit

3

What is money used for an investment?

Capital

4

What is a system where people are free to buy, sell, and produce what they want
and can work where they wish?

Free Market/ Free Enterprise System

5

What sets the prices of goods in a free enterprise system?

Supply and demand

6

What is technology?

Anything that makes something easier for you

7

What gives inventors legal rights to their inventions?

Patents

8

Who invented the Cotton Gin?

Eli Whitney

9

Who opened the first textile mill in the US?

Samuel Slater

10

What happened to demand for cotton as a result of textile mill growth in New
England?

It increased

11

What was the cause of the growth of cities and towns in the North?

The growth of factories

12

What is the difference between urban and rural?

Urban: City Rural: Country

13

How did Pioneers usually migrate west?

As families

14

What were the three things necessary for Western Expansion in the United States?

Roads, steamboats, and canals

15

Who was the first permanent European settler in modern day Tennessee?

William Bean

16

Why was the Cumberland Gap important to the Wilderness Road?

It allowed a path to be created that made passing through the Appalachians much easier

17

What was the importance of the Wilderness Road to the development of Tennessee?

It made passing through the mountains easier and opened the door for more settlement

18

Who blazed the trail for the Wilderness Road?

Daniel Boone and 30 foresters

19

What is a turnpike?

Road on which tolls are collected

20

Who created the first steamboat?

Robert Fulton

21

Steamboats improved the transport of what two things?

Goods and passengers

22

What are artificial waterways?

Canals

23

Who was the President in 1817?

James Monroe

24

What was the Era of Good Feelings?

A time when political differences seemed to fade away after the War of 1812

25

Why did the Era of Good Feelings not last long?

The Western Expansion of the US led to increased sectionalism

26

What is the name for showing loyalty to a region?

Sectionalism

27

Who was a chief supporter of state sovereignty?

John C. Calhoun

28

What was Henry Clay’s system that promoted tariffs to stimulate American
industry growth?

The American System

29

What helped preserve the balance between the North and the South?

The Missouri Compromise

30

What two states were involved in the Missouri Compromise?

Missouri and Maine

31

What was a court case over states rights that said that state governments could not
have power over the national government?

McCulloch v. Maryland

32

What treaty was an example of America’s military strength?

The Adams-Onis Treaty

33

What statement was an important part of American foreign policy?

The Western Hemisphere was no longer open for colonization
The US would regard any interference in Western hemispheric affairs as a threat to its security