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Flashcards in Chapter 17 Deck (33):
0

What was the capital of the CSA?

Richmond, Virginia

1

What were border states?

States that were divided over the issue of slavery
They didn't know if they should secede to the CSA or remain in the US

2

Which side had the larger army?

North

3

What was the main goal for the North at the beginning of the war?

Reunite the country

4

What was the name of the Union war plan to choke out the Confederacy?

Anaconda Plan

5

What was the main goal for the South in the Civil War?

Preserve their way of life

6

How did both sides name battles in the Civil War?

South: cities
North: rivers or landmarks

7

What was the first major battle of the Civil War?

Bull Run

8

Who were the two generals of this battle?

General Irvin McDowell and General P.G.T. Beauregard

9

Why did the Confederate troops become inspired during this battle?

Reinforcements led by General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson

10

Who was one of the most gifted tactical commanders in US History?

Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson

11

What caused the Union troops to drop their weapons and retreat in this battle?

The Confederates yelled a loud and strange scream

12

Why did the Confederate troops not pursue the fight after their victory at Bull
Run?

They were too disorganized and weakened

13

What battles gave the Union control of the Columbia and Tennessee Rivers?

Battle of Fort Henry and Battle of Fort Donelson

14

What was the warship that the South rebuilt with iron plates on the sides?

Merrimack

15

What was the general name for iron plated ships that the South used to break
through the North’s defense?

Ironsides

16

What was the Battle of Shiloh named after?

There was a church named Shiloh near their resting point

17

What was the single bloodiest day of fighting in the Civil War?

Battle of Antietam

18

What did Lincoln shift his focus in the war towards after Antietam?

To take action against slavery

19

The Civil War was the first time thousands of women did what?

Served as nurses

20

What were the 3 reasons the Southern economy suffered more than that of the
North?

Lack of industry, shortages of essential goods due to blockade, and farmland being overrun

21

Who believed that the signing on Jan 1, 1863 was the greatest event in US History?

Frederick Douglas

22

What was the most well known African-American regiment in the Civil War?

54th Massachusetts

23

What was the turning point of the war?

Battle of Gettysburg

24

What speech was about equality, freedom, and states’ rights no longer being
dominant?

The Gettysburg Address

25

What three things was the Gettysburg Address about?

Equality, freedom, and states' rights no longer being dominant

26

What was important about David Farragut?

He was the highest ranking officer in the Union navy

27

Where was Sherman’s “march to the sea” headed?

Savannah, GA

28

Where did Robert E. Lee surrender to Ulysses S. Grant?

Appomattox Court House

29

How severe were the terms of surrender at Appomattox Court House toward the
Southern troops?

Very forgiving on the Southern troops

30

What treaty ended the Civil War?

None

31

How many soldiers died in the war?

Over 600,000

32

How did the balance in power settle between the federal gov’t and state gov’ts after the war?

Federal gov. Was strengthened and more powerful that the states