Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (40):
What was the main economic activity in all colonies?
What is subsistence farming?
Producing enough to meet the needs of the family
What is commercial agriculture?
When larger amounts of crops are produced to make a profit
Why did New England farmers practice subsistence farming?
Farms in New England were smaller than those in the south because of long winters and thin, rocky soil
What were the two main industries of the New England colonies?
Shipbuilding and fishing
What is the triangular trade?
A three-part route.
What were the main items traded in the Triangular Trade?
Sugar/molasses from West Indies to NE.
Rum from NE to West Africa to West Indies.
Rum for slaves from West Africa to West Indies.
What was the name of the slave transporting leg of the Triangular Trade?
What is a cash crop?
Crops that can be sold in markets
What were the two main cash crops of the Middle Colonies?
Wheat and oats
Where was the hub of the shipping trade in America?
What was the main cash crop in Virginia and Maryland?
Which colonial region was known for its diverse population of German and Scotch-Irish citizens?
What did rice and tobacco have in common (why slaves were used to harvest them)?
They were very labor intensive
What was the main cash crop in Georgia and South Carolina?
What were the strict rules governing the behavior and punishment of slaves in the colonies?
What is supply and demand?
It controls the prices of crops
What is the region of the Southern colonies where the plantations resided?
The Tidewater area
How do you make money on trade?
You have to export more than you import
How did England view the colonies economically?
England views the colonies as an economic resource
What were the Navigation Acts?
The Navigation Acts were passed by England to restrict trade and ensure they make money
Who was allowed to vote in the mid 1700’s in the colonies?
White men who owned property
What was the religious revival that swept through the colonies?
The Great Awakening
What established a limited government in the 13th century and inspired the U.S. Constitution?
The Magna Carta
What was the Enlightenment?
The belief that knowledge, science, and reason could improve society
What was the name of the book Benjamin Franklin wrote after being inspired by the Enlightenment?
Poor Richard's Almanack
Who was the newspaper publisher that was charged with a crime for accusing the governor of New York of being
John Peter Zenger
Where is the land area that the British and French fought over because of the fur trade?
Ohio River Valley
What was the most powerful group of Native Americans in the East?
Who was sent to tell the French to leave the Ohio River Valley and struck the first blow against the French?
What is a militia?
A group of citizens trained to fight in emergencies
What did the Albany Plan of Union want to do?
They wanted a general government for the 13 colonies
What was the name of the political cartoon that encouraged the colonies to approve the Albany Plan of Union?
"Join or Die" by Benjamin Franklin
What was the name of the war between the French and British in Europe?
Seven Years War
What is the name of the fort that the Cherokee burned down in modern day Tennessee?
Who oversaw the colonial war effort in London and was the cause of the British turnaround?
What was the most important victory for the British in the F&I War?
Battle of Quebec in 1759
What did the Treaty of Paris 1763 do?
It ends the F&I War and is the end of power in North America for the French
Who was the Ottawa chief who believed the British were threatening their way of life?