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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (40):
0

What was the main economic activity in all colonies?

Farming

1

What is subsistence farming?

Producing enough to meet the needs of the family

2

What is commercial agriculture?

When larger amounts of crops are produced to make a profit

3

Why did New England farmers practice subsistence farming?

Farms in New England were smaller than those in the south because of long winters and thin, rocky soil

4

What were the two main industries of the New England colonies?

Shipbuilding and fishing

5

What is the triangular trade?

A three-part route.

6

What were the main items traded in the Triangular Trade?

Sugar/molasses from West Indies to NE.
Rum from NE to West Africa to West Indies.
Rum for slaves from West Africa to West Indies.

7

What was the name of the slave transporting leg of the Triangular Trade?

Middle Passage

8

What is a cash crop?

Crops that can be sold in markets

9

What were the two main cash crops of the Middle Colonies?

Wheat and oats

10

Where was the hub of the shipping trade in America?

New England

11

What was the main cash crop in Virginia and Maryland?

Tobacco

12

Which colonial region was known for its diverse population of German and Scotch-Irish citizens?

Middle Colonies

13

What did rice and tobacco have in common (why slaves were used to harvest them)?

They were very labor intensive

14

What was the main cash crop in Georgia and South Carolina?

Rice

15

What were the strict rules governing the behavior and punishment of slaves in the colonies?

Slave codes

16

What is supply and demand?

It controls the prices of crops

17

What is the region of the Southern colonies where the plantations resided?

The Tidewater area

18

How do you make money on trade?

You have to export more than you import

19

How did England view the colonies economically?

England views the colonies as an economic resource

20

What were the Navigation Acts?

The Navigation Acts were passed by England to restrict trade and ensure they make money

21

Who was allowed to vote in the mid 1700’s in the colonies?

White men who owned property

22

What was the religious revival that swept through the colonies?

The Great Awakening

23

What established a limited government in the 13th century and inspired the U.S. Constitution?

The Magna Carta

24

What was the Enlightenment?

The belief that knowledge, science, and reason could improve society

25

What was the name of the book Benjamin Franklin wrote after being inspired by the Enlightenment?

Poor Richard's Almanack

26

Who was the newspaper publisher that was charged with a crime for accusing the governor of New York of being
corrupt?

John Peter Zenger

27

Where is the land area that the British and French fought over because of the fur trade?

Ohio River Valley

28

What was the most powerful group of Native Americans in the East?

Iroquois Confederacy

29

Who was sent to tell the French to leave the Ohio River Valley and struck the first blow against the French?

George Washington

30

What is a militia?

A group of citizens trained to fight in emergencies

31

What did the Albany Plan of Union want to do?

They wanted a general government for the 13 colonies

32

What was the name of the political cartoon that encouraged the colonies to approve the Albany Plan of Union?

"Join or Die" by Benjamin Franklin

33

What was the name of the war between the French and British in Europe?

Seven Years War

34

What is the name of the fort that the Cherokee burned down in modern day Tennessee?

Fort Loudon

35

Who oversaw the colonial war effort in London and was the cause of the British turnaround?

William Pitt

36

What was the most important victory for the British in the F&I War?

Battle of Quebec in 1759

37

What did the Treaty of Paris 1763 do?

It ends the F&I War and is the end of power in North America for the French

38

Who was the Ottawa chief who believed the British were threatening their way of life?

Pontiac

39

What did the Proclamation of 1763 do?

It halted western expansion by the settlers west of the Appalachian mountains to appease the NA's