Chapter 5 Flashcards Preview

History > Chapter 5 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (41):
0

What does salutary neglect mean?

The British did not strictly enforce many of the laws that restricted colonial activities.

1

Why did England place a number of taxes (acts) against the colonists?

They needed a new revenue to pay for the troops. They had large debts after the F&I war

2

What is smuggling?

Importing or exporting without paying taxes

3

What was George Grenville’s first action in the colonies? (To combat what?)

They passed the Sugar Act in hope of convincing the colonists to pay taxes instead of smuggling.

4

What are the writs of assistance?

Documents that allowed the officers to search almost anywhere.

5

How was the Sugar Act supposed to stop smuggling?

It was supposed to convince the colonists to stop smuggling, but officers could also accuse someone of smuggling without going to court

6

What was the problem for the colonists with the Sugar Act? (What British law was contradicted?)

They believed it violated their rights. It was stated in British law that they had a right to a jury and were innocent until proven guilty.

7

What was the Stamp Act?

It taxed all printed materials

8

Who persuaded the House of Burgesses to take action against the Stamp Act?

Patrick Henry

9

What was the name of the settlement created between the Holston and Nolichucky Rivers by regulators that lost
at the Battle of Alamance?

The Watauga settlement

10

Who owned the ship Liberty?

John Hancock

11

What event did the Colonists use as an example of propaganda?

The Boston Massacre

12

What is information designed to influence opinion?

Propaganda

13

How many people were killed at the Boston Massacre?

Five

14

What Acts were repealed due to the Boston Massacre?

The Townshend Acts

15

What occurs when only one company controls a product?

They have a monopoly

16

What event was a response to the Tea Act of 1773?

The Boston Tea Party

17

During the time of the Boston Tea Party most colonists considered themselves to be part of what empire?

British

18

As a punishment for the Boston Tea Party, what did King George III impose upon Massachusetts?

Coercive Acts

19

What were these acts called by the colonists?

Intolerable Acts

20

Were the Coercive Acts successful in isolating Boston?

No

21

What is the name of the best militias in Massachusetts?

minutemen

22

What was Paul Revere famous for shouting?

The Regulars Are Out

23

What battle featured the “shot heard ‘round the world”?

Lexington

24

Who was under command of the colonial troops at Bunker Hill?

William Prescott

25

What is his famous quote from this battle?

"Don't fire until you see the whites of their eyes."

26

What did the British find out after the Battle of Bunker Hill?

It showed the British that defeating the Americans wouldn't be quick or easy

27

Who were people who considered the unfair taxes upon the colonies not good reasons to rebel?

Loyalists

28

Who were determined to fight the British until independence is gained?

Patriots

29

Who headed up the first post office in America?

The Second Continental Congress established the first post office and put Benjamin Franklin in charge

30

What was created by the Second Continental Congress to better organize military efforts?

the Continental Army

31

What expressed the colonists desire for peace?

The Olive Branch Petition

32

What pamphlet did Thomas Paine write?

Common Sense

33

What does Paine believe the colonies should be a refuge from?

Tyrants and persecution

34

Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?

Thomas Jefferson

35

What day was the Declaration of Independence accepted/approved?

July 4, 1776

36

What was the purpose of the Declaration of Independence?

To explain why the colonies choose to form a new nation

37

Who was the first person to sign the Declaration of Independence?

John Hancock

38

What is the introduction of the Declaration of Independence called?

The Preamble

39

Did the Declaration of Independence explain why the colonies chose to form a new nation?

Yes

40

What was rung on July 8, 1774 at the first public reading of the Declaration of Independence?

The Liberty Bell