Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (38):
Who were the first President and Vice President in American history?
President: George Washington
Vice President: John Adams
What did each department of the Executive Branch deal with?
State- Handle relations with other nations
Treasury- Deal with financial defense
War- Deals with the nation's defense
Who makes up the cabinet of the President?
Thomas Jefferson- Secretary of State
Alexander Hamilton- Secretary of Treasury
Henry Knox- Secretary of War
Who was the first Secretary of State and Secretary of Treasury?
Thomas Jefferson & Alexander Hamilton
What job title did Alexander Hamilton hold?
Secretary of Treasury
What act established a federal court system?
The Judiciary Act of 1789
What could federal courts do to state laws if deemed necessary?
Who was John Jay?
1st Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
What is a national debt?
The amount the government owed
What did Alexander Hamilton want to do with state debts after the war?
He proposed a plan that would have the federal government take care of the state debts
What area in America was against his plan and why did they feel this way?
Southern States and because they owed less than the Northern States and would have to pay more than their fair share to compensate
Why did the South agree to accept Hamilton’s plan to lessen the national debt?
They did it in exchange for the US Capital being moved to the south, Washington DC
Why did Hamilton feel that it was ok for him to create a national bank?
He said it fell within the intent of the Constitution
What is a tariff?
Tax on imported goods
What was the Whiskey Rebellion?
A civil uprising against the taxing power of the federal government
Why did Washington not want to run for a third term to the Presidency?
He didn't want the President to turn into a king
What limits the power of the gov’t and protects the rights of the individual?
Bill of Rights
What amendments make up the Bill of Rights?
1st Amendment - 10th Amendment
What five civil liberties does the 1st Amendment protect?
Freedom of speech, religion, assembly, press, and petition the government.
What does the 2nd Amendment give you the right to own?
What does the 4th Amendment protect you from? (Placed as a result of the Sugar Act)
Protects against unreasonable searches without probable cause
What Amendment is important for people accused of committing crimes?
According to the 5th Amendment, natural rights cannot be taken away without what?
Without due process of law
What amendment gives you the right to a speedy, public trial by an impartial jury?
What does the 9th Amendment keep the government from doing?
Claiming the BoR are the only rights Americans have
What was given power in the 10th Amendment for protection?
States could be used as protection against the powers of a national government
What are 3 aspects of the Federalist Party?
-Favored a strong national government
-Rule by wealthy
-Loose interpretation of the Constitution
What are 4 aspects of the Democratic-Republican Party?
-Strict with the Constitution
-Rule by the people
How did Washington feel about political parties?
He felt they divided people and kept the government from working together
What is favoring one side in a political decision?
Before the Election of 1796, what was held for the first time to determine Presidential candidates?
What was the crisis with France involving three agents that tried to get money from America?
Why were three acts created after the XYZ Affair?
To protect the security of the nation and slow immigration
What was the Naturalization Act?
Required aliens to live in the US for 15 years instead of 5 to be able to be eligible US citizenship
What were the Alien Acts?
Allowed the president to imprison aliens
What was the Sedition Act?
It made it a crime to speak out or write false criticisms to try and weaken the government
What Amendment did the Sedition Act contradict?