Chapter 11 Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 11 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 11 Deck (76):
1

blephar/o

eyelid

2

-cusis

sounds like: Q-SIS

hearing

3

dacryocyst/o

tear sac

4

irid/o

iris
(colored part)

5

ir

iris
(colored part)

6

kerat/o

cornea

7

-metry

measure

8

ophthalm/o

eye

9

opt/o

eye

10

-opia

vision

11

ot/o

ear

12

presby/o

old age

13

pseud/o

false
fake

14

retin/o

retina

15

scler/o

white of the eye
hard

16

trop/o

turn

17

tympan/o

eardrum
tympanic membrane (TM)

18

myring/o

eardrum
tympanic membrane (TM)

19

audiologist

hearing speicalist

20

audi

hearing

21

ophthalmologist (MD)

MD; in treating disorders/diseases of the eye

22

optometrist (OD)

has an OD (doctor of optometry); measures vision to see if glasses /corrective lenses necessary

23

otolaryngologist
AKA
"otorhinolaryngologist"

"ENT" Ear, Nose, Throat specialist

24

optic

pertaining to the eye or sight

25

ocular

pertaining to the eye (binocular vision = both eyes work together)

26

Ocul

eye

27

ar

pertaining to

28

extra/ocul/ar

outside the eyeball

29

intra/ocul/ar

inside the eyeball

30

auditory

pertaining to the sense of hearing

31

ory

pertaining to

32

acoustic

pertaining to sound or hearing

33

acous

hearing
sound

34

tic

pertaining to

35

lacrimation

normal secretion of tears

36

sclera

white of the eye
(protects inner layers of tissue)

37

blepharo/ptosis

drooping of the upper eyelid

38

ptosis

drooping
sagging

39

conjunctivitis
AKA
"pink eye"

inflammation of the conjunctiva (mucous membranes of the eye)

40

xer/ophthalm/ia

dry eyes

41

scler/itis

inflammation of the white part of the eye

42

keratitis

inflammation of the cornea

43

ir/itis

inflammation of the iris

44

irid/ectomy

surgical removal of part of the iris (due to glaucoma)

45

cataract

the loss of transparency of the lens of the eye (usually due to old age)

46

nystagmus

involuntary, constant, rhythmic movement of the eyeball

47

detached retina
(retinal detachment)

retina pulls away from its attachment at the back of the eye

48

strabismus
(Squint)

disorder in which the eyes can't be directed in a parallel manner to the same object

49

hyperopia

farsightedness; usually starts after age 40

50

myopia

nearsightedness; usually starts in school aged kids

51

astigmatism

cornea shaped like a soccer ball instead of a football

52

radial kerat/otomy
RK

used to correct myopia-incision mad to the cornea to correct vision

53

photo refractive kerat/ectomy (PRK)
AKA "LASIK"

a laser is used to correct the vision by reshaping the top layer of the cornea

54

snellen chart
SC

is used to measure visual activity (e.g. vision is 20/20)

55

PERRLA

Pupils Equal, Round, Responsive to Light and Accommodation (shows damage to the brain)

56

OD

Right Eye
Oculous Dexter

57

OS

Left Eye
Oculous Sinister

58

OU

Each Eye
Oculous Uterque

59

SC

Snellen Chart

60

Ot/algia

earache
*pain in ear

61

otitis

inflammation of the ear

62

Acute Otitis media (AOM)

inflammation of the middle ear (common in kids)

63

Otitis externa

inflammation of the outer ear

64

oto/myc/osis
AKA
Swimmer's ear

Fungal infection of the external canal

65

oto/pyo/rrhea

flow of pus from the ear

66

oto/rrhagia

bleeding from the ear

67

myring/itis

inflammation of the eardrum

68

tinnitus

ringing, buzzing/roaring sound in the ear

69

labyrinthitis

inflammation of the labyrinth resulting in vertigo (sense of whirling dizziness, loss of balance)

70

presby/cusis

loss of hearing that comes with old age

71

myring/otomy

surgical incision int the eardrum

72

tympan/ostomy tubes

tubes put in eardrum to allow draining of fluid

73

ot/o/plasty

surgical repair to the ear or pinna

74

AD

Right ear
Auris Dexter

75

AS

Left ear
Auris Sinister

76

AU

each ear
Auris Uterque