Chapter 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (98):
0

-ose

Pertaining to

1

-ologist

Specialist

2

-al

Pertaining to

3

-rrhage

Sounds like: RAGE

Bleeding
Abnormal, excessive fluid discharge

4

-ism

Abnormal condition
Disease

5

-ac

Pertaining to

6

-stenosis

Abnormal narrowing

7

-rrhagia

Sounds like: Rage-e-ah

Bleeding
Abnormal excessive fluid discharge

8

-eal

Pertaining to

9

-sclerosis

Abnormal hardening

10

-rrhexis

Sounds like: Rex-is

Rupture

11

-megaly

Enlarged

(Abnormal)

12

-scopy

Visual examination

13

-otomy

Surgical incision

14

-rrhaphy

Sounds like: raffy

Stitches
Suture

15

-gram

Picture of record

16

-osis

Abnormal condition
Disease

17

-algia

Pain
Suffering

18

-graph

Picture of record

19

-necrosis

Tissue death

20

-malacia

Abnormal softening

21

-ology

Study of

22

-plasty

Surgical repair

23

-ectomy

Surgical removal

24

-itis

Inflammation

25

-centesis

Surgical puncture to remove fluid

26

-cyte

Sounds like: site

Cell

27

-dynia

Pain
Suffering

28

-rrhea

Sounds like: reah

Flow
Discharge

29

-ostomy

Creation of an artificial surgical opening

30

-graphy

Procedure of making a picture or record

31

Endo-

Within

32

Hypo-

Below normal
Decreased
Deficient

33

Hyper-

Above normal
Increased
Excessive

34

Post-

After

35

Pre-

Before

36

Peri-

Surrounding
Around

37

Dys-

Bad
Difficult
Painful

38

Super-

Above
Excessive

39

Supra-

Above
Excessive

40

Sub-

Below

41

Ad-

Towards
In the direction of

42

Ab-

Away from

43

Neo-

New

44

Cyan/o

Blue

45

Append/o

Appendix

46

Colon/o

Large intestine

47

Phleb/o

Vein

48

Path/o

Disease

49

Lapar/o

Abdomen

50

Hemat/o

Blood

51

Dia

Through
Between
Complete

52

Melan/o

Black

53

Myc/o

Fungus

54

Ather/o

Fatty plaque

55

Arteri/o

Artery

56

Laryng/o

Throat

57

Ot/o

Ear

58

Rhin/o

Nose

59

Pyr/o

Fire
Fever

60

Py/o

Pus

61

Pyel/o

Renal pelvis

(Bowl of the kidney)

62

Nat/o

Birth

63

Poli/o

Gray

64

Myel/o

Spinal cord
Bone marrow

65

Albin/o

White

66

Abdomin/o

Abdomen

67

Leuk/o

White

68

Erythr/o

Red

69

Col/o

Large intestine

70

Hem/o

Blood

71

Dermat/o

Skin

72

Enter/o

Small intestine

73

Gastr/o

Stomach

74

Myos

Muscle

75

Arthr/o

Joint

76

Neur/o

Nerve

77

My/o

Muscle

78

Appendic

Appendix

79

Tonsill/o

Tonsils

80

Cardi/o

Heart

81

Hepat/o

Liver

82

Lith/o

Stone

83

Neo

New

84

Ven/o

Vein

85

Pyr/osis

"Heart burn"
Abnormal condition of fire

86

Prostrate

Collapsed and lying on the ground

87

Prostate

Male gland

88

Diagnosis

Identifying nature and cause with patient

"What's wrong?"

89

Prognosis

Predicting the outcome of a disease

90

Ilium

Hip

91

Ileum

Small intestine

92

Eponym

Disease, structure or device named after the person who named it.

(E. G. Alzheimer's disease or foley's catheter)

93

Acronym

Word form from the initial letters of major words.

94

Triage

Screening of patients to decide relative priority of who needs to be seen first.

95

Syndrome

Combination of signs and symptoms as part of a disease

96

Signs

Objective evidence of disease

97

Symptoms

Subjective evidence of disease.