Chapter 3: Skeletal System Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 3: Skeletal System Deck (70):
1

ankyl/o

crooked
bent
stiff

2

arthr/o

joint

3

pod

foot

4

chondr/o

cartilage

5

chondr/i

cartilage

6

cost/o

ribs

7

-al

pertaining to

8

-clasis

surgical break

9

-desis

surgical fixation of a bone or joint
-to bind, tie together

10

-lysis

loosening
setting free
breaking down
destroying

11

kyph/o

hump
bent

12

lord/o

swayback
bent
curved

13

crani/o

skull

14

oss/e

bone

15

oss/i

bone

16

ost/o

bone

17

oste/o

bone

18

myel/o

bone marrow
spinal cord

19

-poietic

sounds like: poy-E-tic

pertaining to formation

20

spondyl/o

vertebrae
back bone
spinal colomn

21

-um

noun ending

22

scoli/o

curved

23

synov/o

synovial membrane

24

synovi/o

synovial membrane

25

pro

small opnening

26

ankylosis

loss of mobility of joint (due t o disease, injury or surgery)

27

ankylosing spondylitis

form of RA with stiffening of spinal joints due to inflammation of vertebrae

28

arthro/centesis

surgical puncture to remove fluid from the joint

29

arthro/desis

fusion due to stiffening a joint or fuse spinal vertebrae

30

arthrolysis

surgical loosening/setting free of a joint

31

arthroplasty

surgical repair/replacement of the joints

32

arthro/sclerosis

abnormal hardening of the joint-stiffness of the joints, especially in elderly

33

arthro/scopy

visual examination of the joint using an arthroscope

34

autologous

originates within (the PT) that individual

35

allogenic

originating within another (as in transplants)

36

bursectomy

surgical removal of a bursa (sac lined within synovial membrane)

37

chiropractor

has a D.C. degree (doctor of chiropractic); specializes in manipulative treatment of disorders stemming from misalignment of the spine

38

chondroma

slow growing benign tumor derived from cartilage cells

39

costochondritis

inflammation of the cartilage connecting ribs to sternum

40

chondromalacia

abnormal softening of the cartilage

41

chondroplasty

surgical repair of the cartilage

42

craniectomy

surgical removal of A PIECE of the skill (to relieve increased intracranial pressure or to treat craniostenosis)

43

cranioplasty

surgical repair of the skull

44

Ewing's sarcoma

malignant cancer mostly affecting children/adolescents; occurs in long bones of limbs (spreads)

45

hematopoietic OR
hemopoietic

pertaining to formation of the blood cells

46

hemarthrosis

blood in joint space (after an injury or trauma to a joint)

47

kyph/osis

abnormal increase in outward curve of thoratic spine

48

laminectomy

surgical removal of the lamina of the vertebra

49

lordosis

abnormal increase in forward curve of lumbar spine
"swayback spine"

50

myeloma

malignant tumor made of cells derived from blood forming (hemopoietic) tissue of the bone marrow

51

orthopedist

(orthopedic surgeon)

specialist dealing with bones, joints and muscles

52

orthotic

orthopedic appliance such as leg, brace, splint, etc.

53

osteo/arthritis (OA)

inflammation of the bones/joints - "wear and tare" arthritis; comes with aging

54

osteo/chondr/oma

benign bony projection covered with cartilage (most common benign bone tumor)

55

osteoclasis

surgical fracture/break of a bone to correct a deformaty

56

osteomalacia

abnormal softening of bones in adults (rickets in adults)

57

osteomyelitis

inflammation of bone marrow and the adjacent bone

58

osteonecrosis

death of bone tissue due to insufficient blood supply

59

osteoplasty

surgical repair of bones

60

osteopenia

thinner than average bone density (precursor to osteoporosis)

61

osteoporosis (OP)

loss of bone density and increase in bone porosity (with aging)

62

osteorrhaphy

suturing/wiring of bones together

63

periosteotomy

surgical incision through the periosteum (membrane) to the bone

64

podiatrist

foot specialist

65

RA

Rheumatoid Arthritis

66

Rheumatoid arthritis

autoimmune disease; symptoms are more severe than OA; swollen joints, etc.

67

rheumatologist

specialist in diagnosing and treating RA

68

scoliosis

abnormal lateral curvature of the spine (S shaped)

69

Spina Bifida

congenital defect where the spinal canal doesn't close around the spinal cord (? lack of folic acid in early pregnancy)

70

synovitis

inflammation of the synovial membrane resulting in swelling and pain.