Chapter 8: The Dgestive System Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 8: The Dgestive System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 8: The Dgestive System Deck (78):
1

an/o

anus

2

chol/e

bile

3

col/o

colon

4

colon/o

colon

5

enter/o

small intestine

6

gastr/o

stomach

7

hepat/o

liver

8

cholecyst/o

gallbladder

9

-lithiasis

presence of stones

10

pancreat/o

pancrease

11

-pepsia

digestion

12

pept/o

digestion

13

proct/o

rectum and anus

14

rect/o

rectum
straight

15

sigmoid/o

sigmoid colon

16

-emesis

vomiting

17

-phagia

eat
swallow

18

stom

mouth
oral cavity
opening

19

stomat

mouth
oral cavity
opening

20

halit

breath

21

emesis

vomiting

22

dent

teeth

23

dent/ist

doctor of dental surgery/doctor of medical dentistry

24

gastr/o/enter/ologist

specialist in diagnosing and treating disease and disorders of stomach and small intestine

25

orth/odont/ist

dental specialist who straightens teeth

26

orth

straight

27

odont

teeth

28

peri/odont/ist

dental specialist who treats disorders of tissue surrounding the teeth (gums)

29

end/odont/ist

dental specialist who treats disorders of the tissues inside the teeth
(root canal therapy, etc.)

30

gingivitis

inflammation of the gums

31

gingiv

gum

32

dysphagia

difficulty in swallowing

33

gastr/o/esophag/eal reflux disease
"GERD"

pertaining to acid coming up into the esophagus from the stomach
"pyrosis" (heart burn)

34

GERD

gastro/esophag/eal reflux disease

35

gastr/itis

inflammation of the stomach

36

gastro/enter/itis

inflammation of the stomach and small intestine

37

gastro/rrhagia

bleeding from the stomach

38

gastro/rrhea

excessive flow of gastric secreations

39

gastro/rrhexis

rupture of the stomach

40

anorexia

lack or loss of appetite for food

41

anorexia nervosa

eating disorder: becomes emaciated; has an intense fear of weight gain; excessive exercise

42

bulimia nervosa

eating disorder: binge eating; purging
(bulimia=continuous, excessive hunger)

43

aero/phagia

excessive swallowing of air during eating or drinking

44

aero

air

45

dys/pepsia

indigestion
bad digestion

46

hemat/emesis

vomiting blood

47

hyper/emesis

excessive vomiting

48

colo/rectal cancer

starts as polyps in the colon

(polyps are mushroom like growths)

49

diverticul/itis

inflammation of one or more diverticulum/diverticula

50

diverticulum

pouch/sac in lining of tubular organ

51

col/itis

inflammation of the colon

52

enter/itis

inflammation of the small intestine

53

ile/itis

inflammation of the ilium
(ilium is the last part of the small intestine)

54

ile

ilium

55

ileus

blockage of the intestine due to stopping of peristalsis

56

hepato/megaly

enlargement of the liver

57

hepato/rrhexis

rupture or the liver

58

hepat/itis

inflammation of the liver
-usually caused by a virus, but also toxic materials

59

hepat/ectomy

surgical removal of all or party of the liver

60

cirrh/osis

degenerative disease of liver
(scars make it look yellow/orange)

61

cholecystalgia

pain in gallbladder

62

cholecyst/itis

inflammation of the gallbladder

63

chole/lithiasis

gallstones in the gallbladder or bile ducts

64

chole

bile
gall

65

cholecyst/ectomy

surgical removal of gallbladder

66

hem/occult

lab test for hidden blood in the stools

67

occult

hidden
difficult to see

68

endo/scope

instrument used to visually examine internal structures

69

esophag/o/gastr/o/duoden/o/scopy
"EGO"

visual exam of the esophagus, stomach and duodenum

70

colono/scopy

direct visual examination of the inner surface of the colon

71

procto/scopy

visual exam of the rectum and anus

72

proct/ologist

specialist in the disorders of the colon, rectum and anus

73

gastr/otomy

surgical incision of the stomach

74

gastr/ostomy

surgical creation of an artificial opening (stoma), into the stomach
-usually done to place a permanent feeding tube

75

col/ostomy

surgical creation of an artificial opening (stoma), between the colon and body surface

76

gastr/ectomy

surgical removal of all or part of the stomach

77

xer/o/stom/ia

dry mouth (not enough saliva)

78

halit/osis

abnormal condition of the breath
"bad breath"