Chapter 10 Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Chapter 10 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 10 Deck (74):
1

ambul/o

to walk

2

Caus/o

Burning/Burn

3

cephal/o

Head

4

concuss/o

Shaken toghether (violently agitated

5

contus/o

Bruise

6

echo

sound

7

encephal/o

Brain

8

-esthesia or esthesi/o

Feeling / nervious sensation

9

Esthet/o

Feeling / sensation / can preceive

10

klept/o

to steal

11

-mainia

madness

12

mening/o

Membranes or meninges

13

myel/o

Spinal cord (also bone marrow)

14

narc/o

Stupor

15

neur/i; neru/o

Nerve

16

-phobia

fear

17

psych/o

Mind

18

somn/o

sleep

19

-phasia

speech

20

An/esthesi/ologist

Specialist (physician, MD) in giving anesthetics

21

an

without

22

esthesi

feeling

23

ologist

specialist

24

An/esthet/ist

person trained in giving anesthesia; not necessarily an MD - could be a nurse

25

Caus/algia

Persistent, severe burning pain, usually following injury to a sensor nerve

26

neur/ologist

specialist in diagnosing and treating of the nervous system

27

neur/o/surgeon

physician who specializes in surgery of the nervous system

28

psych/iatrist

Is an MD, specializing in diagnosing and treating emotional disorders/mental illness; CAN dispense psycho/troph/ic drugs.

29

psych

mind

30

iatrist

specialist

31

psychologist

is not a medical dr.; holds a PHD or PsyD; specializes in psyche testing, talk therapy. CANNOT dispense drugs
*gives the test

32

therapist

Is not a medical Dr.; holds an MFT (marraige and family therapy) license or LCSW; cannot do psyche testing or dispense drugs. They ONLY do talk therapy

33

cephal/algia

headache
"pain in head"

34

cephalo/dynia

headach
"pain in head"

35

encephalo/cele

congenital gap in the skull with brain herniating through

36

craniocele

congenital gap in the skull with brain herniating through

37

meningo/cele

protrusion of the membranes or meninges of the brain or spinal cord through a defect of the skull or spinal column

38

hydro/cephal/us

abnormally increased amount of cerebrospinal fluid withing the brain

39

hydro

water

40

us

singular noun ending

41

mening/itis

inflammation of the meninges or membranes of the brain and spinal cord

42

encephal/itis

inflammation of the brain

43

cognition

mental activities associated with thinking, learning and memory

44

alzheimer's disease
AD

degenerative changes in the brain structure, leading to progressive memory loss, impaired cognition (personality changes, and finally inability to walk, talk, chew, swallow, lack of bowel, bladder control, ETC)

45

parkinson's disease
PD

slowly progressive degeneration of the central nervous system (CNS).
(Fine muscle tremors, shuffling gait, mask like face)

46

tetanus
AKA
tet
AKA
lockjaw

acute, potentially fatal bacterial infection of the CNS. (caused by tetanus bacillus. "immunize!")

47

amnesia

disturbance in memory with total/partial inability to recall past experiences cause by (brain injury, illness psychological disturbances)

48

concuss/ion

violent shaking/jarring of the brain

49

ion

condition

50

cerebral contusion

bruising of the brain tissue due to head injury

51

cranial hemat/oma

collection of blood trapped in brain tissue (types: epidural, sub-dural, intracerebral)

52

conscious

alert

53

syncope

fainting (brief loss of oxygen to the brain)

54

lethargy

lower level of consciousness (marked by apathy or indifference)

55

stupor

impaired consciousness (not responding to environmental stimuli)

56

coma (noun)
comatose (adjective)

deep state of unconsciousness (no spontaneous eye movement, no speech, no response to painful stimuli)

57

delirium

potentially reversible condition of confusion associated with high fever

58

dementia

slow decline in mental ability

59

transient ischemic attack (TIA)

temporary interruption of the blood supply to the brain; could be warning of impending stroke

60

ischemic stroke

carotid artery narrowed so that the flow of the blood in the brain is blocked - common in elderly

61

cerebral thrombosis

clot blocks the carotid artery

62

hemorrhagic stroke
(a bleed)

vessel in the brain leaks or ruptures due to high BP - less common stroke but way more deadly

63

a/phasia

loss of ability to speak, write or understand written/spoken words (caused from stroke)

64

in/somn/ia

inability to sleep on an ongoing basis.
(symptom of another problem; depression, pain, excess caffeine, stress, etc)

65

narcolepsy

syndrome with recurrent uncontrollable seizures of drowsiness or sleep

66

narco

stupor

67

lepsy

seizure

68

echo/encephalo/graphy

use of ultrasound imaging of the brain

69

echo

sound

70

electro/encephalo/graphy
EEG

process of recording electrical brain wave activity

71

electro

electric

72

encephalo/graphy

radiographic study of the brain

73

myelo/graphy

x-ray or radio graphic study of the spinal cord after injecting dye

74

LOC

Level Of Consciousness