Chapter 11: Achievement, Work, and Careers Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11: Achievement, Work, and Careers Deck (17):
1

intrinsic motivation

internal motivation factors such as self-determination, curiosity, challenge, and effort

2

extrinsic motivation

external motivational factors such as rewards and punishments

3

flow

Csikszentmihalyi's concept of optimal life experiences, which he believes occur most often when people develop a sense of mastery and are absorbed in a state of concentration when they're engaged in an activity

4

attribution theory

the theory that in their effort to make sense of their own behavior or performance, individuals are motivated to discover its underlying causes

5

mastery orientation

an outlook in which individuals focus on the task rather than their ability; they concentrate on learning strategies and the process of achievement instead of the outcome

6

helpless orientation

an outlook in which individuals seemed trapped when experiencing difficulty and attribute their difficulty to a lack of ability. This orientation undermines performance

7

Performance orientation

individuals are focused on winning rather than achievement outcome, winning results in happiness

8

mindset

the cognitive view, either fixed or growth, that individuals develop for themselves

9

self-efficacy

the belief that one can master a situation and produce positive outcomes

10

anxiety

a vague, highly unpleasant feeling of fear and apprehension

11

self-handicapping

use of failure avoidance strategies such as not trying in school or putting off studying until the last minute so that circumstances will be seen as the cause of low-level performance rather than a lack of ability

12

Cochran et al., 2010

ability was the most significant predictor of career success in adulthood; however, it was also found that SES indirectly impacted adult success as it directly influenced the aspirations one set for themselves.

13

Gottfredson's Theory

occupational aspirations are a reflection of one's self-concept

14

Holland's Theory of Personality Type

One's choice of occupation is expression of personality

15

Holland's 6 personality types

Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, Conventional

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permeability

ease of movement from one point in the system to another

17

Transparency

how well young people can see through the system to plot a course from where they are in the present to a distant future goal