Chapter 8: Families Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8: Families Deck (11):
1

Reciprocal Socialization

the process by which children and adolescents socialize parents just as parents socialize them

2

Multiple development trajectories

concept that adults follow one trajectory and children and adolescents another one; how these trajectories mesh is important

3

Emotional Autonomy

The capacity to relinquish childlike dependence on parents

4

Secure Attachment

use primary caregiver as a secure base from which to explore the environment

5

Insecure attachment

either avoid caregiver or show resistance

6

dismissing/ avoidant

insecure attachment: individuals deemphasize the importance of attachment

7

preoccupied/ ambivalent

insecure attachment: adolescents are hyperattuned to attachment experiences

8

unresolved/ disorganized

insecure attachment: adolescent has high level of fear and is disoriented

9

boundary ambiguity

the uncertainty in stepfamilies about who is in or out of the family and who is performing or responsible for certain tasks in the family system

10

3 important characteristics of sibling relationships

1. emotional quality
2. familiarity and intimacy
3. variation

11

Patterson

This article explored the question as to whether parental sexual orientation had effects on child or adolescent development. They concluded that it has no effect, and children of gay or lesbian parents appeared to develop in the same ways as children with heterosexual parents.