Chapter 9: Peers Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9: Peers Deck (13):
1

Sociometric Status

the extent to which children and adolescents are liked or disliked by their peer group

2

popular children

children who are frequently nominated as a best friend and are rarely disliked by their peers

3

average children

children who receive an average number of both positive and negative nominations from their peers

4

neglected children

children who are infrequently nominated as a best friend but are not disliked by their peers

5

rejected children

children who are infrequently nominated as a best friend and are actively disliked by their peers

6

controversial children

children who are infrequently nominated both as a best friend and as being disliked

7

Kenneth Dodge's 5 social processing steps

decoding of social cues, interpretation, response search, selection of an optimal response, and enactment

8

conglomerate skills

use of a combination of techniques, rather than a single approach, to improve adolescents' social skills (also called coaching)

9

Friends

a subset of peers who engage in mutual companionship, support, and intimacy

10

intimacy in friendship

self-disclosure or sharing of private thoughts

11

cliques

small groups of similar sex which members have similar interests

12

crowds

larger group structure than cliques, adolescents are usually a member of a crowd based on reputation (jocks, druggies, etc.)

13

Eder 1995

The formation of sports teams and extra-curricular activities appeared to foster a hierarchy with girls expressing more dissatisfaction and negative attitudes towards the popular girls, and girls of higher SES