Chapter 13: Problems in Adolescence Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13: Problems in Adolescence Deck (18):
1

developmental psychopathology approach

Approach that focuses on describing and exploring the developmental pathways of problems

2

developmental cascades

A developmental psychopathology approach that emphasizes connections across domains over time to influence developmental pathways and outcomes

3

acculturative stress

the negative consequences that result from contact between two distinctive cultural groups

4

coping

managing taxing circumstances, expending effort to solve life's problems, and seeking to master or reduce stress

5

problem-focused coping

Lazarus' term for the strategy of squarely facing one's troubles and trying to solve them

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emotion-focused coping

Lazarus' term for responding to stress in an emotional manner, especially by using defense mechanisms

7

hallucinogens

drugs that alter an individual's perceptual experience and produce hallucinations

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stimulants

drugs that increase the activity of the CNS

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depressants

drugs that slow down the CNS, bodily functions, and behavior

10

anabolic steroids

drugs derived from the male sex hormone testosterone. They promote muscle growth and increase lean body mass

11

juvenile delinquency

a broad range of behaviors, including socially unacceptable behavior, status offenses, and criminal acts

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index offenses

criminal acts, such as robbery, rape, and homicide, whether they are committed by juveniles or adults

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status offenses

juvenile offenses, performed by youth under a specified age. drinking, truancy, sexual promiscuity

14

conduct disorder

the psychiatric diagnostic category for the occurrence of multiple delinquent activities over a 6 month period. Includes status offenses

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major depressive disorder

when an individual experiences a major depressive episode and depressed characteristics for two weeks or longer and daily functioning becomes impaired

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the four problems that most affect adolescents

drug use, juvenile delinquency, sexual problems, and school related problems

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elements of good prevention and intervention

1. extensive individual attention
2. community-wide intervention
3. early identification and prevention

18

Brown and Rinelli, 2010

They found that adolescents in families with two biological married parents were less likely to engage in smoking and drinking than adolescents in cohabiting stepfamilies. Above all, these findings were found to be linked to different levels of maternal support and control, amount of maternal substance use, and socioeconomic disadvantages.