Chapter 7: Moral Development Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7: Moral Development Deck (25):
1

moral development

thoughts, feelings, and behaviors regarding standards of right and wrong

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Kohlberg Pre-conventional Reasoning

morality is often focused on reward and punishment

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Conventional Reasoning

individuals abide by certain standards, but they are the standards of others; develop expectations about social roles

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Post Conventional Reasoning

morality is more internal, recognizes alternatives, explores options, and decide on moral code

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Justice Perspective

focuses on rights of the individual

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Care Perspective

connectedness with others, emphasizes interpersonal communication, relationships and concern for others

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Domain Theory

there are moral, social conventional, and personal domains of moral development

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Social Conventional Reasoning

conventional rules that have been established by social consensus in order to control behavior and maintain social system

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Social Cognitive Theory

a distinction between adolescents moral competence and moral performance

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empathy

reactions to another's feelings with an emotional response that is similar to the other's feelings

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moral identity

moral notions and commitments are central to their life

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moral character

having strength of your convictions, persisting, and overcoming distractions and obstacles

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love withdrawal

removing love or attention from the adolescent

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power assertion

attempts to gain control over adolescent or adolescent's resources

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induction

uses reason and explanation of consequences for others of the adolescent's actions

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hidden curriculum

moral atmosphere that characterizes every school

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character education

teaching students a basic moral literacy to prevent them from engaging in immoral behavior and doing harm to themselves or others

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values clarification

helping individuals to clarify what their lives are for and what is worth working for

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cognitive moral education

belief that students should learn to value things like democracy and justice as their moral reasoning develops

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service learning

form of education that promotes social responsibility and service to the community

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values

beliefs and attitudes about the way things should be

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religion

organized set of beliefs, practices, rituals, and symbols that increase and individual's connection to a sacred or transcendent other

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religiousness

the degree of affiliation with an organized religion, participation in prescribed rituals and practices, connection with its beliefs, and involvement in a community of beliefs

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spirituality

experiencing something beyond oneself in a transcendent manner and living in a way that benefits others and society

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Caprara et al. (2014)

Irritability and hostile rumination in adolescents and young adults appear to influence moral disengagement. In turn, this moral disengagement appears to be related to aggression and violence in adolescent behaviors.