Chapter 10: School Flashcards Preview

Adolescent Psychology > Chapter 10: School > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 10: School Deck (13):
1

Constructivist Approach

a learner-centered approach that emphasizes the adolescent's active, cognitive construction of knowledge and understanding with guidance from the teacher

2

Direct Instruction Approach

A teacher-centered approach characterized by teacher direction and control, mastery of academic skills, high expectations for students, and maximum time spent on learning tasks

3

authoritative strategy of classroom management

encourages students to be independent thinkers and doers but still involved effective monitoring. Verbal give and take but teachers still set limits

4

authoritarian strategy of classroom management

restrictive and punitive; focus is mainly on keeping the order of the classroom rather than on instructing and learning

5

permissive strategy of classroom management

offers students considerable autonomy but provides them with little support for developing learning skills or managing their behaviors

6

jigsaw classroom

students from different cultural backgrounds are placed in a cooperative group in which, together, they have to construct different parts of a project to reach a common goal

7

multicultural education

education that values diversity and includes the perspectives of a variety of cultural groups

8

Public Law 94-142

The Education for All Handicaped Children Act, which requires all students with disabilities to be given a free, appropriate public education

9

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)

Act spelling out broad mandates for services to all children and adolescents with disabilities. These include evaluation and eligibility determination, appropriate education and an individualized education plan (IEP) in the least restrictive environment

10

Least Restrictive Environment

A setting that is as similar as possible to the one in which the children or adolescents without a disability are educated

11

inclusion

educating a child or adolescent with special education needs full-time in the regular classroom

12

adolescents who are gifted

adolescents who have above average intelligence (IQ of 130 or higher) and/ or superior talent in some domain, such as art, music, or mathematics

13

Strom et al., 2013

school violence and bullying was significantly related to poorer academic performance; however, greater teacher support appeared to serve as a protective factor for student academic performance.