Chapter 11 Leadership and Supervision Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11 Leadership and Supervision Deck (303)
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1

265. Researchers later in the 20th century theorized that (__ __ __ __) (not a person's inborn traits) most strongly determined whether leadership occurred?

(characteristics of the situation)

2

265. Researchers in the early 20th century suggested leaders had (__ __) that differentiated them from followers.

(inherent traits)

3

265. Today, scholars emphasize leaders' ability to motivate, influence, and persuade over their ability to...

control and direct others.

4

265. Today many scholars argue that anyone can learn to become a leader.with the...

right training and experience.

5

266. Leader centered theories.

– Trait theory.
– Behavior theory.
– Personal/situational.
– Interaction/expectation.

6

266. Follower/situational context centered theories.

– Motivation-hygiene.
– Situational.
– Contingency.
– path-goal theory.
– Meta-leadership.

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266. Seeks to identify individual traits distinguishing leaders from followers.

Trait theory. (leader centered)

8

266. Leader-follower interactions centered.

–Leader follower exchange
–Transactional/transformational
–Psychodynamic approach

9

266. This theory represents one of the first attempts to define leadership.

Trait theory. (leader centered)

10

266. Identifies the behaviors distinguishing leaders who achieve desired results.

Behavior theory. (leader centered)

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266. Early 1900s, theorists studied great leaders to identify individual traits distinguishing and enabling them to inspire others to follow.

Trait theory. (leader centered)

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266. Theory identifying the ability to cooperate, popularity and adaptability, aggressiveness, decisiveness, assertiveness, confidence, intelligence, persistence, courage, desire, humor, initiative, and judgment as leader traits.

Trait theory. (leader centered)

13

266. Under behavior theory which leaders engage in behaviors that are likely to achieve desired results

Effective leaders.

14

265. Theories about leadership have evolved for the past...

Century.

15

266. Suggest that circumstances can cause an individual to take a leadership role.

Behavior theory theorists. (centered on the leader)

16

266. Two types of behaviors focused on in behavior theory.

– Task behaviors.
– Relationship behaviors.

17

266. Behavior types that facilitate goal accomplishment.

Task behaviors.

18

266. Which behavior occurs when a command officer directs (orders) a line officer to secure (protect) a crime scene.

Task behavior.

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266. These behaviors help others develop comfortable feelings about themselves, other people, and the situation.

Relationship behaviors.

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266. This behavior type occurs when the command officer consults with the line officer about the best way to secure the crime scene.

Relationship behavior.

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266. These type of leaders combine task and relationship behaviors to influence others to achieve an objective.

Effective leaders.

22

267. Behavior theory shortcomings are, researchers have not established a link between (__ __) and outcomes, and have not identified a (__ __) style that could be effective in most situations.

(leadership behaviors) (universal leadership)

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267. Validated by wide range of studies and broadens scope of leadership research beyond limitations of trait theory.

Behavior theory. (leader centered)

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267. The first theory to address leadership's full complexity.

Personal-Situational (leader centered)

25

267. This theory supposes that a mix of personal characteristics interact with specific conditions in the persons environment to create successful leadership.

Personal-Situational (leader centered)

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267. Effectiveness depends on the leader's ability to understand followers and the environment in which they function, and to react appropriately as followers and the situation change.

Personal-Situational (leader centered)

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267. Proposes that leadership is the act of initiating structure that group members support. (for accomplishing a task or an approach to resolving problems),

Interaction-Expectation (leader centered)

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267. Members support a structure if it helps solve problems, and it conforms to group norms, and they believe/expect success will result if they follow the leader.

Interaction-Expectation (leader centered)

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267. Theory proposing which factors increase satisfaction and dissatisfaction among employees.

Motivation-Hygiene (follower/situational context)

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267. Motivation-Hygiene Theory: Herzberg referred to dissatisfiers (including supervision, working conditions, and salary) as...

Hygiene factors.