Flashcards in Chapter 2 Policing Strategies Deck (135)
32. An alternative strategy to traditional policing that emphasizes close interaction between police and the neighborhoods they serve.
32. When did community policing reemerge?
In the 1980s.
32. This strategy draws extensively from the principles of policing attributed to Robert Peel.
32. Dissatisfied with traditional policing's emphasis on separation of police and the public, citizens and police began to...
collaborate in seeking solutions to chronic community problems. The modern concept of community policing was born.
32. In many ways, especially for people in poverty, the police are the agency of:
First and last resort.
32. Based on the assumption that police and citizens of a specific community share the same values.
The community policing strategy
32. Thus, community policing may work differently in different communities, dependent on...
what those shared values are.
33. This diversity of communities makes it difficult to..
define community policing strategy in formal terms.
33. In an agency that uses this strategy, the policing efforts are customized to the needs of individual community.
community policing strategy
33. In an agency that uses this strategy, AGENCY LEADERS emphasize decentralization of the organization.
community policing strategy
33. With the community policing strategy, agency leaders emphasize decentralization of the organization, for example, by allowing...
"Line–level officers" to make decisions and help solve problems that directly affect citizen's lives in a NEIGHBORHOOD.
33. They recognize that crime control (law enforcement) is only one function of the police when agencies use the community policing strategy,
33. Can generate important insights, such as which areas in the community contain more elderly or young people, and where income and education disparities are widest.
Demographic and statistical information.
33. Community policing-Problem identification methods:
– Citizen surveys.
– Demographic and statistical information.
– Dialogue with community leaders.
33. Community policing strategy: Once the problem is identified, the agency and COMMUNITY develop...
solutions, implement them, and evaluate their effectiveness.
33. Community policing can take many forms, but key elements include:
bonds of trust and collaboration between police and the public.
33. Agencies that get the most value from community policing strategy adopt it's:
Philosophy and practical application throughout the organization, rather than merely promoting it in just one or two parts of the agency.
33. Community policing occurs every time police officers meet with community members to...
Discuss and resolve community-based concerns.
33. Community policing occurs every time solutions are customized to fit the..
Unique needs and circumstances of a community.
34. A philosophy, management style, and organizational design that promotes proactive problem solving and police-COMMUNITY partnerships to address causes of fear, crime, and COMMUNITY issues.
34. A policing philosophy as well as strategy that promotes COMMUNITY engagement, participation, and problem-solving; "action" that leads to discovery and implementation of solutions to problems.
An approach to policing that focuses on crime and social disorder through delivery of police services that include aspects of traditional law enforcement as well as prevention, problem-solving, COMMUNITY engagement, and partnerships...
34. Balances reactive responses to calls for service with proactive problem solving centered on the causes of crime and disorder.
The community policing MODEL.
Requires police and citizens to join together as partners, by this they forge a more intimate relationship than with the traditional approach.
34. In agencies that use the community policing strategy, both police personnel and community residents may accept that the traditional policing strategy is still...
valuable and appropriate under certain circumstances.
34. Everyone involved understands the police not only enforce the law, they serve the public, and unlike traditional policing, community policing is..
Proactive rather than reactive.
34. Cities that have successfully integrated the community policing strategy into their operations have reported...
increased job satisfaction among all levels of personnel as well as a sense of empowerment and of being valued.
34. These characteristics of community policing create certain advantages, including meaningful communication between citizens and...
LINE officers as well as increased communication between line officers and their IMMEDIATE superiors, leading to greater confidence in all agency members.
34. In agencies that want to adopt the community policing strategy but in which concerns have emerged...
managers can emphasize the new role that line officers will play in driving the initiative.