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Flashcards in Chapter 4 The Nature and Practice of Planning Deck (115)
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1

92. Police agencies use several types of plans that we can think of as falling into the major categories of...

-non-strategic
-strategic

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92. Such plans are intended to handle a police agency’s day-to-day responsibilities and are usually developed by and for specific functions within the agency.

Nonstrategic plans


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92. Nonstrategic plan types:

single-use, repeat-use, tactical, operational, and contingency.

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92. A plan for a one-time event or special time event or special circumstance.

Single-use plan

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92. A plan that may be replicated for similar events or tactical situations.

Repeat-use plan

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92. A plan for special events, unique or extraordinary circumstances, or intra-agency or interagency operational needs.

Tactical plan

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92. A plan delineating functional activities and agency change processes. This plan drives an entire agency or units within an agency.

Operational plan

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92. A plan activated during serious emergencies, critical events, or disasters that affect the agency and demand immediate and/or prolonged response.

Contingency plan


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93. Long-term courses of action intended to apply to the entire police organization.

Strategic plans

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93. What types of plans are the result of a more complex and lengthier process?

Strategic Plans

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94. Two especially important planning approaches.

CPTED and CompStat

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94. What does CPTED stand for?

Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design

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94. Define CPTED.

The process of deciding how to construct or modify the physical environment to deter or discourage criminal activity.

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95. What has proved to be a potent weapon in CPTED?

Technology

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95-96. Name the Four Strategies that lie at the core of CPTED Plans.

- Natural Surveillance
- Territorial Reinforcement
- Natural access control
- Target hardening

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95. What does 'Natural surveillance' refer to?

the use of physical features that increase people's visibility in the area

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95. What CPTED Planning strategy emphasizes the use of physical characteristics to differentiate private and public areas, emphasizing the ownership of private places while discouraging encroachment?

Territorial reinforcement




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95-96. Name the CPTED Planning Strategy that focuses on ensuring that streets and sidewalks are in full view of the community.

Natural access control

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96. What CPTED Planning Strategy involves the use of hardware, lighting and other elements designed to make a home or business less vulnerable to physical intrusion?

Target hardening



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96. What is one important benefit of CPTED as a type of planning?

it promotes community cohesion

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96. Name a limitation in executing CPTED.

it can be expensive

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96. What policing approach involves the generation of as much real-time data as possible about crimes AND the frequent evaluation of the data to develop strategies to reduce crime as quickly and effectively as possible?

CompStat



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96. What is a key element of the CompStat approach?

frequent evaluation of the intelligence collected.

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96. Why is frequent evaluation of the intelligence collected a key element of CompStat?

so police can develop plans for moving quickly and effectively to reduce crime.

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96. How can Police Agencies deploy personnel and resources rapidly to areas where crimes are occurring?

by gathering real-time information.

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96. In addition to the frequent evaluation of the intelligence collected, name additional vital elements of CompStat.

Relentless follow-up and assessment.

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97. Some studies revealed statistically significant reductions in major crimes which in some cases may have resulted from under reporting due to _________.

Pressure from superiors to downgrade major crimes to minor offenses.

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98. Regardless of the number of steps a particular planning process model contains, they can be organized into three steps essential to all planning. Name them.

- assessing needs and risks
- developing alternative courses of action
- selecting a course of action

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98. The process an organization uses to determine whether a need (or problem) exists that could be addressed by a particular course of action is called what?

Needs assessment

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99. Agency leaders might use a needs assessment to determine whether managers and officers must strengthen particular .

KSAs