Flashcards in Chapter 4 The Nature and Practice of Planning Deck (115)
92. Police agencies use several types of plans that we can think of as falling into the major categories of...
92. Such plans are intended to handle a police agency’s day-to-day responsibilities and are usually developed by and for specific functions within the agency.
92. Nonstrategic plan types:
single-use, repeat-use, tactical, operational, and contingency.
92. A plan for a one-time event or special time event or special circumstance.
92. A plan that may be replicated for similar events or tactical situations.
92. A plan for special events, unique or extraordinary circumstances, or intra-agency or interagency operational needs.
92. A plan delineating functional activities and agency change processes. This plan drives an entire agency or units within an agency.
92. A plan activated during serious emergencies, critical events, or disasters that affect the agency and demand immediate and/or prolonged response.
93. Long-term courses of action intended to apply to the entire police organization.
93. What types of plans are the result of a more complex and lengthier process?
94. Two especially important planning approaches.
CPTED and CompStat
94. What does CPTED stand for?
Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design
94. Define CPTED.
The process of deciding how to construct or modify the physical environment to deter or discourage criminal activity.
95. What has proved to be a potent weapon in CPTED?
95-96. Name the Four Strategies that lie at the core of CPTED Plans.
- Natural Surveillance
- Territorial Reinforcement
- Natural access control
- Target hardening
95. What does 'Natural surveillance' refer to?
the use of physical features that increase people's visibility in the area
95. What CPTED Planning strategy emphasizes the use of physical characteristics to differentiate private and public areas, emphasizing the ownership of private places while discouraging encroachment?
95-96. Name the CPTED Planning Strategy that focuses on ensuring that streets and sidewalks are in full view of the community.
Natural access control
96. What CPTED Planning Strategy involves the use of hardware, lighting and other elements designed to make a home or business less vulnerable to physical intrusion?
96. What is one important benefit of CPTED as a type of planning?
it promotes community cohesion
96. Name a limitation in executing CPTED.
it can be expensive
96. What policing approach involves the generation of as much real-time data as possible about crimes AND the frequent evaluation of the data to develop strategies to reduce crime as quickly and effectively as possible?
96. What is a key element of the CompStat approach?
frequent evaluation of the intelligence collected.
96. Why is frequent evaluation of the intelligence collected a key element of CompStat?
so police can develop plans for moving quickly and effectively to reduce crime.
96. How can Police Agencies deploy personnel and resources rapidly to areas where crimes are occurring?
by gathering real-time information.
96. In addition to the frequent evaluation of the intelligence collected, name additional vital elements of CompStat.
Relentless follow-up and assessment.
97. Some studies revealed statistically significant reductions in major crimes which in some cases may have resulted from under reporting due to _________.
Pressure from superiors to downgrade major crimes to minor offenses.
98. Regardless of the number of steps a particular planning process model contains, they can be organized into three steps essential to all planning. Name them.
- assessing needs and risks
- developing alternative courses of action
- selecting a course of action
98. The process an organization uses to determine whether a need (or problem) exists that could be addressed by a particular course of action is called what?