Chapter 12: Nutrition Assessment Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 12: Nutrition Assessment Deck (36)
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1

Android obesity

Excess body fat that is placed predominantly within the abdomen and upper body, as opposed to the hips and thighs

2

Anthropometry

Measurement of the body (e.g. height, weight, circumferences, skin fold thickness)

3

Body mass index

Weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared (W/H2); values of 30 ore more is indicative of obesity; value of less than 18.5 is indicative of undernutrition

4

Diet history

A detailed record of dietary intake obtainable from about 24-hour recalls, food frequency questionnaires, food diaries, and similar sources

5

Kwashiorkor

Primarily a protein deficiency characterized by edema, growth failure, and muscle wasting

6

Malnutrition

May mean any nutrition disorder but usually refers to long-term nutritional inadequacies or excesses

7

Marasmic kwashiorkor

Combination of chronic energy deficit and chronic or acute protein deficiency

8

Marasmus

Results from energy and protein deficiency, manifesting with significant loss of body weight, skeletal muscle, and adipose tissue mass, but with serum protein concentrations relatively intact

9

Nutritional monitoring

Assessment of dietary or nutritional status at intermittent times with the aim of detecting changes in the dietary or nutritional status of a population

10

Nutrition screening

A process used to identify individuals at nutritional risk or with nutritional problems

11

Obesity

Excessive accumulation of body fat; usually defined as 20% above desirable weight of body mass index of 30.0 to 39.9

12

Protein-calorie malnutrition (PCM)

Inadequate consumption of protein and energy, resulting in a gradual body wasting and increased susceptibility to infection

13

Recommended dietary allowance (RDA)

Levels of intake of essential nutrients considered to be adequate to meet the nutritional needs of almost all healthy persons

14

Sarcopenic obesity

Combined loss of muscle mass with weight gain occurring in old age

15

Skinfold thickness

Double fold of skin and underlying subcutaneous tissue that is measured with skinfold calipers at various body sites

16

Waist-to-hip ratio (WHR)

Waist or abdominal circumference divided by the hip or gluteal circumference; method for assessing fat distribution

17

Define optimal nutritional status

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18

Describe the unique nutritional needs for various developmental periods throughout the life cycle

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19

Describe the role that cultural heritage and values may play in an individual's nutritional intake.

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20

Describe 4 sources of error that may occur when using the 24-hour diet recall

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21

Explain the clinical changes associated with obesity

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22

Explain the clinical changes associated with marasmus

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23

Explain the clinical changes associated with Kwashiorkor

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24

Explain the clinical changes associated with marasmus-kwashiorkor mix

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25

The balance between nutrient intake and nutrient requirements is described as:
a. Undernutrition
b. Malnutrition
c. Nutritional status
d. Over nutrition

c. Nutritional status

26

You are providing health promotion teaching for a newly pregnant women and recommend which of the following weight gain parameters for a healthy pregnancy?
a. 25 to 35 pounds
b. 28 to 40 pounds
c. 15 to 25 pounds
d. The recommendation depends on the BMI of the mother at the start of the pregnancy

d. The recommendation depends on the BMI of the mother at the start of the pregnancy

27

Which is a normal expected change with aging?
a. Increase in energy needs
b. Increase in body water
c. Decrease in height
d. Increase in AP diameter of the chest

c. Decrease in height

28

You obtain which data when screening patients for nutritional status?
a. Temperature, pulse, and respiration
b. Blood pressure and genogram
c. Weight and nutrition intake history
d. Serum creatinine levels

c. Weight and nutrition intake history

29

A 24-hour recall of dietary intake is used:
a. As an anthropometric measures of calories consumed
b. As a questionnaire or interview of everything eaten within the last 24 hours
c. As the same as a food frequency questionnaire
d. As a form of a food diary

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30

Mary, a 15-year-old, has come for a school physical. During the interview, you learn that menarche has not occurred. The BMI is 17. You suspect:
a. Nutritional deficiency
b. Alcohol intake
c. Smoking history
d. Possible elevated blood sugar

a. Nutritional deficiency