Chapter 13: Skin, Hair, and Nails Flashcards Preview

Physical Examination and Health Assessment > Chapter 13: Skin, Hair, and Nails > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 13: Skin, Hair, and Nails Deck (139)
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1

Alopecia

Baldness; hair loss

2

Annular

Circular shape to skin lesion

3

Bulla

Elevated cavity containing free fluid larger than 1 cm in diameter

4

Confluent

Skin lesions that run together

5

Crust

Thick, dried-out exudate left on skin when vesicles or pustules burst or dry up

6

Cyanosis

Dusky blue color to skin or mucous membranes as a result of increased amount of non-oxygenated hemoglobin

7

Erosion

Scooped-out, shallow depression in skin

8

Erythema

Intense redness of the skin due to excess blood in dilated superficial capillaries, as in fever or inflammation

9

Excoriation

Self-inflicted abrasion on skin due to scratching

10

Fissure

Linear crack in skin extending into dermis

11

Furuncle

Boil; suppurative inflammatory skin lesion due to infected hair follicle

12

Hemangioma

Skin lesion due to benign proliferation of blood vessels in the dermis

13

Iris

Target shape of skin lesion

14

Jaundice

Yellow color to skin, palate, and sclera due to excess bilirubin in the blood

15

Keloid

Hypertrophic scar, elevated beyond site of original injury

16

Lichenification

Tightly packed set of papules that thickens skin; caused by prolonged intense scratching

17

Lipoma

Benign fatty tumor

18

Maceration

Softening of tissue by soaking

19

Macule

Flat skin lesion with only a color change

20

Nevus

Mole; circumscribed in the skin lesion due to excess melanocytes

21

Nodule

Elevated skin lesion large than 1 cm in diameter

22

Pallor

Excessively pale, whitish-pink color to lightly pigmented skin

23

Papule

Palpable skin lesion smaller than 1 cm in diameter

24

Plaque

Skin lesion in which papules coalesce or come together

25

Pruritus

Itching

26

Purpura

Red-purple skin lesion due to blood in tissues from breaks in blood vessels

27

Pustule

Elevated cavity containing thick, turbid fluid

28

Scale

Compact desiccated flakes of skin from shedding of dead skin cells

29

Telangiectasia

Skin lesion due to permanently enlarged and dilated blood vessels that are visible

30

Ulcer

Sloughing of necrotic inflammatory tissue that causes a deep depression in skin, extending into dermis