Chapter 18: Breasts, Axillae, and Regional Lymphatics Flashcards Preview

Physical Examination and Health Assessment > Chapter 18: Breasts, Axillae, and Regional Lymphatics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 18: Breasts, Axillae, and Regional Lymphatics Deck (74)
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1

Alveoli

Smallest structures in the mammary gland

2

Areola

Darkened area surrounding the nipple

3

Colostrum

Thin, yellow fluid, precursor of milk, secreted for a few days after birth

4

Cooper ligaments

Suspensory ligaments; fibrous bands extending from the inner breast surface to the chest wall muscles

5

Fibroadenoma

Benign breast mass

6

Galactorrhea

Persistent white discharge of milk between nursing sessions or after weaning

7

Gynecomastia

Excessive breast development in the male

8

Intraductal papilloma

Serosanguineous nipple discharge

9

Inverted

Nipples that are depressed or invaginated

10

Lactiferous

Conveying milk

11

Mastalgia

Pain in breast

12

Mastitis

Inflammation of the breast

13

Montgomery glands

Sebaceous glands in the areola that secrete protective lipid during lactation; also called tubercles of Montgomery

14

Paget disease

Intraductal carcinoma in the breast

15

Peau d'orange

Orange peel appearance of breast due to edema

16

Retraction

Dimple or pucker on the skin

17

Striae

Atrophic pink, purple, or white linear streaks on the breasts, associated with pregnancy, excessive weight gain, or rapid growth during adolescence

18

Supernumerary nipple

minute extra nipple along with the embryonic milk line

19

Tail of Spence

extension of breast tissue into the axilla

20

Thelarche

Beginning of prepubertal breast development

21

Identify appropriate history questions to ask regarding the breast examination

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22

Describe the anatomy of the breast.

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23

Correlate changes in the female breast with normal developmental stages.

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24

Describe the components of the breast examination.

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25

List points to include in teaching the breast self-examination.

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26

Explain the significance of a supernumerary nipple or breast.

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27

Differentiate between the female and male examination procedures and findings.

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28

Discuss benign breast disease

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29

Discuss abscess that can occur in the breast.

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30

Describe acute mastitis in the breast.

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