Chapter 22: Abdomen Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 22: Abdomen Deck (90)
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1

Aneurysm

Defect of sac formed by dilation in artery wall due to atherosclerosis, trauma, or congenital defect

2

Anorexia

Loss of appetite for food

3

Ascites

Abnormal accumulation of serous fluid within the peritoneal cavity, associated with heart failure, cirrhosis, cancer, or portal hypertension

4

Borborygmi

Loud, gurgling bowel sounds signaling increased motility or hyper-peristalsis; occurs with early bowel obstruction, gastroenteritis, diarrhea

5

Bruit

Blowing, swooshing sound heard through a stethoscope when an artery is partially occluded

6

Cecum

First or proximal part of large intestine

7

Cholecystitis

Inflammation of the gallbladder

8

Costal margin

Lower border of rib margin formed by the medial edges of the 8th, 9th, and 10th ribs

9

Costovertebral angle (CVA)

Angle formed by the 12th rib and the vertebral column on the posterior thorax, overlying the kidney

10

Diastasis recti

Midline longitudinal ridge in the abdomen, a separation of abdominal rectus muscles

11

Dysphagia

Difficulty swallowing

12

Epigastrium

Name of abdominal region between the costal margins

13

Hepatomegaly

Abnormal enlargement of liver

14

Hernia

Abnormal protrusion of bowel through weakening in abdominal musculature

15

Inguinal ligament

Ligament extending from pubic bone to anterior superior iliac spine, forming lower border of abdomen

16

Linea alba

Midline tendinous seam joining the abdominal muscles

17

Paralytic ileus

Complete absence of peristaltic movement that may follow abdominal surgery or complete bowel obstruction

18

Peritoneal friction rub

Rough grating sound heard through the stethoscope over the site of peritoneal inflammation

19

Peritoneum

Double envelope of serous membrane that lines the abdominal wall and covers the surface of most abdominal organs

20

Peritonitis

Inflammation of peritoneum

21

Pyloric stenosis

Congenital narrowing of pyloric sphincter, forming outflow obstruction of stomach

22

Pyrosis

Heartburn; burning sensation in upper abdomen due to gastric reflux of gastric acid

23

Rectus abdominis muscles

Midline abdominal muscles extending from rib cage to pubic bone

24

Scaphoid

Abnormally sunken abdominal wall, as with malnutrition or underweight

25

Splenomegaly

Abnormal enlargement of the spleen

26

Striae

(Linea albicantes) silvery white or pink scar tissue formed by stretching abdominal skin as with pregnancy or obesity

27

Suprapubic

Name of abdominal region just superior to pubic bone

28

Tympany

High-pitched, musical, drumlike percussion note heard when percussing over the stomach and intestine

29

Umbilicus

Depression on the abdomen marking site of entry of umbilical cord

30

Viscera

Internal organs