Chapter 13 - Classical Conditioning Flashcards Preview

VCE Psychology 3/4 > Chapter 13 - Classical Conditioning > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 13 - Classical Conditioning Deck (18):
1

Classical Conditioning Definition

Classical Conditioning is a form of learning in which a previously neutral stimulus comes to elicit a reflexive response by repeated association with a stimulus that automatically elicits the reflex response.

2

Neutral Stimulus (NS) Definition

A stimulus that initially elicits no response

3

Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS) Definition

A stimulus that consistently produces a particular, naturally occurring automatic response or reflex

4

Unconditioned Response (UCR) Definition

The response that occurs automatically when the UCS is presented

5

Conditioned Stimulus (CS) Definition

An initially neutral stimulus that does not normally produce the UCR

6

Conditioned Response (CR) Definition

A learned response produced by the CS

7

Extinction Definition

Is the gradual decrease in the strength or rate of a CR that occurs when the UCS is no longer present

8

Spontaneous Recovery Definition

Is the reappearance of a CR when the CS is presented, following a rest period

9

Stimulus Generalisation Definition

Is the tendency for another similar stimulus to produce a response that is similar to the CR

10

Stimulus Discrimination Definition

Occurs when a person or animal responds to the CS only, but not to any other stimulus that is is similar to the CS

11

Coca-Cola Example

  • UCS: good looking people, fun sexy, happiness
  • UCR: feeling good, desire to be like this
  • NS: Coke
  • CS: Coke
  • CR: Feeling good about coke/desire to buy coke

12

Graduated Exposure Definition

A person is taught relaxation techniques followed by the gradual exposure to the feared object or animal over several sessions

13

Flooding Definition

Uses actual exposure to the feared stimulus at a level greater than usual - the patient is then calmed down through relaxation techniques

14

Aversion Therapy

Where a person with an unwanted behaviour learns to associate the unwanted behaviour with an unpleasant event

(e.g. used with alcohol/smoking/biting nails)

15

Trail and Error Learning Definition

Learning by trying alternative possibilities until the desired outcome is achieved.

16

Trial and Error Learning Laws - EFFECT (1)

1. Law of Effect: states that behaviour becomes controlled by its consequences (if it feels good, we do it again; if it feels bad we don't)

17

Trial and Error Learning Laws - RECENCY (2)

2. Law of Recency: states that the most recent response is the one with the greatest effect

18

Trial and Error Learning Laws - EXERCISE (3)

3. Law of Exercise: states that stimulus-response connections are strengthened through repetition and weakened when there is no repetition