Chapter 13 - Review Questions Flashcards Preview

Pharmacology > Chapter 13 - Review Questions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 13 - Review Questions Deck (25):
1

Name 5 types of symbiotic relationships.

Predator–prey
Commensalism
Mutualism
Phoresis
Parasitism

2

What is parasitiasis?

Parasitiasis occurs when an animal is infected with parasites, but no clinical signs can be observed.

3

What is parasitosis?

Parasitosis occurs when an animal is infected with parasites, and clinical signs can be observed.

4

What are ectoparasites?

Ectoparasites infest the outside of the body.

5

What are endoparasites?

Endoparasites infect the inside of the body.

6

An animal with endoparasites is said to be ..., and an animal with ectoparasites is said to be ...

Infected; infested

7

What is an anthelmintic?

An anthelmintic is administered to rid the
body of endoparasites.

8

... dips should never be used on cats.

Organophosphate

9

IGR is an acronym for ...

Insect growth regulator

10

Praziquantel is a drug that is used to rid the body of ...

tapeworms

11

An example of ... is the bacterium Moraxella bovis, the etiologic agent of infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis, or pinkeye, that is mechanically carried from the eyes of one cow to those of another on the sticky footpads of the face fly Musca autumnalis.
a. predator-prey
b. commensalism
c. mutualism
d. phoresis

d. phoresis

12

Ivermectin, moxidectin, and doramectin are in the ... class.
a. avermectin
b. ivermectin
c. tetrahydropyrimidine
d. microfilaricide

a. avermectin

13

All the following are monthly heartworm preventatives, except ...
a. milbemycin oxime
b. selamectin
c. Heartgard Plus
d. diethylcarbamazine

d. diethylcarbamazine
Diethylcarbamazine Citrate is a synthetic derivative of piperazine, used as an anthelmintic drug used in the treatment of filariasis in humans, dogs and cats.

14

... is the most commonly used formamidine in veterinary medicine.
a. Dichlorvos
b. Propoxur
c. Amitraz
d. Selamectin

c. Amitraz

15

... is a topical solution that controls ascarids, hookworms, and tapeworms in felines.
a. Selamectin (Revolution)
b. Emodepside/praziquantel (Profender)
c. Fipronil (Frontline)
d. Lufenuron (Program)

b. Emodepside/praziquantel (Profender)

16

An arsenic compound administered by deep IM injection in the lumbar region is ...
a. caparsolate
b. clorsulon
c. melarsomine dihydrochloride
d. Ivomec

c. melarsomine dihydrochloride (Immiticide® by Merial)
An arsenic-containing compound used to kill immature (4+ month old) and adult heartworms (Dirofilaria immitis) in dogs.

17

Albendazole is the active ingredient found in ...
a. Droncit
b. ProMeris
c. Synanthic
d. Valbazen

d. Valbazen

18

An organophosphate is a substance that can interfere with the function of the nervous system by inhibiting the enzyme cholinesterase.
a. True
b. False

a. True

19

Advantage has greater efficacy against ..., and Frontline has greater efficacy against ...
a. ticks; fleas
b. fleas; ticks

b. fleas; ticks

20

... are parasitic worms, including intestinal roundworms, filarial worms, lungworms, kidney worms, heartworms, and others.
a. Cestodes
b. Trematodes
c. Acanthocephalans
d. Nematodes

d. Nematodes

21

A 1700-lb Angus bull needs to be dewormed with albendazole liquid. On hand in the pharmacy is albendazole (113.6mg/mL). The dose is 10mg/kg PO. How many mL should be obtained to treat this bull?

68 mL

22

A herd of 55 Hereford cows need to be dewormed using Dectomax. The average weight of the individuals in the herd is 1200lb. On hand in the pharmacy is Dectomax (10mg/mL). The dose for this drug is 1mL/110lb of weight. How many total mLs does the client need for deworming his herd?

599.5 mL

23

A heifer-calf that weighs 120 lb is found to have Eimeria zuernii. The DVM orders amprolium for Tx of the calf. On hand in the pharmacy is Corid liquid (9.6%). The dosage is 10mg/kg PO for 5 days.
a. What is the dose?
b. How many mLs should be dispensed to the client to treat this calf?

a. 5.6 mL (Reminder: 9.6% x 10 = 96mg/mL)
b. 28 mL

24

A heifer-calf that weighs 120 lb is found to have Eimeria zuernii. The DVM orders amprolium for Tx of the calf. On hand in the pharmacy is Corid liquid (9.6%). The dosage is 10mg/kg PO for 5 days.
After the Tx, the DVM wants to use the drug for prophylaxis. The dosage for this is 5mg/kg for 21 days.
How many mLs of the drug should be dispensed to provide prophylactic Tx for this calf?

59.65 mL

25

A dog is found to have Dipylidium caninum. The dog weighs 22.4lb. The dosage is 68mg for a dog this size. On hand in the pharmacy is the right drug to use, and it has a concentration of 34mg per tablet. What drug should be used for this patient? How many tablets should be dispensed for one dose?
a. doxycycline; 2 tablets
b. praziquantel; 2 tablets
c. diethylcarbamazine, 2 tablets
d. furosemide; 2 tablets

b. praziquantel; 2 tablets