Chapter 16 - Therapy Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 16 - Therapy Deck (45)
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1

psychotherapy

treatment involving psychological techniques; consists of interactions between a trained therapist and someone seeking to overcome psychological difficulties or achieve personal growth

2

biomedical therapy

prescribed medications or procedures that act directly on the person's physiology

3

eclectic approach

an approach to psychotherapy that uses techniques from various forms of therapy

4

psychoanalysis

frauds therapeutic technique. Freud believed the patients free associations, resistances, dreams and transferences - and the therapist interpretations of them - released previously repressed feelings, allowing the patient to gain self insight

5

resistance

in psychoanalysis, the blocking from consciousness of anxiety-laden material

6

interpretation

in psychoanalysis the patients transfer to the analyst of emotions linked with other relationship (such as love or hate for a parent)

7

psychodynamic therapy

deriving from the psychoanalytic tradition; views individuals as responding to unconscious forces and childhood experiences, and seeks to enhance self insight.
meets with therapist face to face. happens once or twice a week.

8

insight therapies

a variety of therapies that aim to improve psychological functioning by increasing a person's awareness of underlying motives and defenses

9

client entered therapy

a humanistic therapy that was developed by Carl Rogers, in which the therapist uses techniques such as active listening within a genuine, accepting, empathic environment to facilitate clients growth (also called person centred therapy).

10

active listening

empathetic listening in which the listener echoes, restates and clarifies. a feature of rogers client centred therapy

11

unconditional positive regard

a caring, accepting, non judgemental attitude, which carl rogers believed would help clients develop self awareness and self acceptance. paraphrase, invites clarification and reflect feelings

12

behaviour therapies

therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviours

13

counterconditioning

behaviour therapy procedures that use classical conditioning to evoke new responses to stimuli that are triggering unwanted behaviours; including exposure therapies and aversive conditioning.

14

exposure therapies

behavioural techniques, such as systematic desensitization and virtual reality exposure therapy. that treat anxieties by exposing people (in imagination or actual situations) to the things they fear and avoid

15

systematic desensitization

a type of exposure therapy that associates a pleasant relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety- triggering stimuli. commonly used to treat phobias

16

progressive relaxation

therapy that you focus on relaxing each type of muscle one by one and then gradually discuss or experience stressful situations and use virtual relaxation to lessen the anxiety

17

virtual reality exposure

an anxiety treatment that progressively exposes people to electronic stimulations of their greatest fears.

18

aversive conditioning

a type of counterconditioning that associates an unpleasant state (nausea) with an unwanted behaviour (drinking alcohol)

19

token economy

an operant conditioning procedure in which people earn a token of some sort for exhibiting a desired behaviour and can later exchange their tokens for privileges or treats

20

cognitive therapies

teachers people new, more adaptive ways of thinking, based on the assumption that thoughts intervene between events and our emotional reactions

21

cognitive-behaviour therapy

a popular integrative therapy that combines cognitive therapy with behaviour therapy.

22

group therapy

conducted with groups permitting theraputic benefits from group interaction

23

family therapy

treats the family as a system. views an individuals unwanted behaviour as influenced by, or directed at, other family members

24

meta-analysis

a procedure for statistically combining the results of many different research studies

25

evidence based practice

clinical decision making that integrates the best available research with clinical expertise and patient characteristics and preferences

26

therapeutic alliance

a bond of trust and mutual understanding between a therapist and a client, who work together constructively to overcome the clients problem

27

biomedical therapy

physically changing the brain's functioning by altering its chemistry with drugs

28

psychopharmacology

the study of the effects of drugs on mind and behaviour

29

antipsychotic drugs

drugs used to treat schizophrenia and other forms of severe thought disorder. molecules are similar to dopamine and occupy its receptor sites and block its activity

30

tardive dyskinesia

involuntary movements of the facial muscles