Flashcards in Chapter 12 - Emotions, Stress and Health Deck (47)
the response of a whole organism, emotion is a mix of bodily arousal (heart pounding), expressive behaviours (quickened pace), conscious experience (thoughts and feelings-panic, fear and joy)
james-lange theory: arousal before emotion
the theory that our experience of emotion is our awareness of our physiological responses to emotion-arousing stimuli
cannon-bard theory: arousal and emotion occur simultaneously
the theory that an emotion arousing stimulus simultaneously triggers physiological responses and the subjective experience of emotion
lower spine injuries
a lost sensation only in their legs, reported little change in their emotion intensity
arousal fuels ______; _______ channels it
high spinal cord injury
no feeling below the neck, there were changes in the intensity of emotion (less)
two factor theory
the Schachter-Singer theory that to experience emotion one must be physically aroused and cognitively label the arousal
a neural centre deep inside the brain. It is activated when we experience various negative social emotions (lust, pride, disgust).
a machine, commonly used in attempts to detect lies, that measures several of the physiological responses (such as perspiration and cardiovascular and breathing changes) accompanying emotion
facial feedback effect
the tendency of facial muscle states to trigger corresponding feelings such as fear, anger or happiness.
behaviour feedback effect
the tendency of behaviour to influence our own and others thoughts, feelings and actions
emotional release. in psych, the catharsis hypothesis maintains that "releasing" aggressive energy (through action or fantasy) relieves aggressive urges.
feel-good, do-good phenomenon
peoples tendency to be helpful when already in a good mood.
the scientific study of human flourishing, with the goals of discovering and prompting strengths and virtues that help individuals and communities to thrive.
what emotions are in the right frontal lobe?
negative emotions and depression
what emotions are in the left frontal lobe?
subjective well being
self perceived happiness or satisfaction with life. used along with measures of objective well being (for example. physical and economic indicators) to evaluate peoples quality of life.
positive well being
being happy as a product of a pleasant, engaged and meaningful life. a good life also engages ones skill.
positive groups, communities and cultures
positive social ecology including healthy families, communal neighbourhoods, effective schools, socially responsible media, and civil dialogue.
our tendency to form judgements (of sounds, lights, income) relative to a neural level defined by our prior experience
the perception that one is worse off relative to those whom one compares oneself
the process by which we perceive and respond to certain events, called stressors, that we appraise as threatening or challenging
general adaptation syndrome (GAS)
Selyes concept of the bodys adaptive response to stress in three phases - alarm, resistance, and exhaustion
as a result of your sympathetic nervous system being suddenly activated. your heart rate zooms. blood goes to your skeletal muscles and you feel a faintness of shock, you are now ready to fight back
temp, blood pressure and respiration remain high. adrenal glands pump hormones into blood stream. fully engaged, summoning all your resources. as time passes, with no relief from stress, bodys reserves begin to dwindle
you become more vulnerable to illness or death
tend and befriend
under stress, people (especially women) often provide support to others (tend) and bond with and seek support from others (befriend)
a subfield of psych that provides psychs contribution to behavioural medicine
the study of how psychological, neural and endocrine processes together affect the immune system and resulting health