Chapter 12 - Emotions, Stress and Health Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 12 - Emotions, Stress and Health Deck (47)
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1

emotion

the response of a whole organism, emotion is a mix of bodily arousal (heart pounding), expressive behaviours (quickened pace), conscious experience (thoughts and feelings-panic, fear and joy)

2

james-lange theory: arousal before emotion

the theory that our experience of emotion is our awareness of our physiological responses to emotion-arousing stimuli

3

cannon-bard theory: arousal and emotion occur simultaneously

the theory that an emotion arousing stimulus simultaneously triggers physiological responses and the subjective experience of emotion

4

lower spine injuries

a lost sensation only in their legs, reported little change in their emotion intensity

5

arousal fuels ______; _______ channels it

emotion; cognition

6

high spinal cord injury

no feeling below the neck, there were changes in the intensity of emotion (less)

7

two factor theory

the Schachter-Singer theory that to experience emotion one must be physically aroused and cognitively label the arousal

8

insula

a neural centre deep inside the brain. It is activated when we experience various negative social emotions (lust, pride, disgust).

9

polygraph

a machine, commonly used in attempts to detect lies, that measures several of the physiological responses (such as perspiration and cardiovascular and breathing changes) accompanying emotion

10

facial feedback effect

the tendency of facial muscle states to trigger corresponding feelings such as fear, anger or happiness.

11

behaviour feedback effect

the tendency of behaviour to influence our own and others thoughts, feelings and actions

12

catharsis

emotional release. in psych, the catharsis hypothesis maintains that "releasing" aggressive energy (through action or fantasy) relieves aggressive urges.

13

feel-good, do-good phenomenon

peoples tendency to be helpful when already in a good mood.

14

positive psych

the scientific study of human flourishing, with the goals of discovering and prompting strengths and virtues that help individuals and communities to thrive.

15

what emotions are in the right frontal lobe?

negative emotions and depression

16

what emotions are in the left frontal lobe?

positive emotions

17

subjective well being

self perceived happiness or satisfaction with life. used along with measures of objective well being (for example. physical and economic indicators) to evaluate peoples quality of life.

18

positive well being

being happy as a product of a pleasant, engaged and meaningful life. a good life also engages ones skill.

19

positive groups, communities and cultures

positive social ecology including healthy families, communal neighbourhoods, effective schools, socially responsible media, and civil dialogue.

20

adaption-level phenomenon

our tendency to form judgements (of sounds, lights, income) relative to a neural level defined by our prior experience

21

relative deprivation

the perception that one is worse off relative to those whom one compares oneself

22

stress

the process by which we perceive and respond to certain events, called stressors, that we appraise as threatening or challenging

23

general adaptation syndrome (GAS)

Selyes concept of the bodys adaptive response to stress in three phases - alarm, resistance, and exhaustion

24

alarm reaction

as a result of your sympathetic nervous system being suddenly activated. your heart rate zooms. blood goes to your skeletal muscles and you feel a faintness of shock, you are now ready to fight back

25

resistance

temp, blood pressure and respiration remain high. adrenal glands pump hormones into blood stream. fully engaged, summoning all your resources. as time passes, with no relief from stress, bodys reserves begin to dwindle

26

exhaustion

you become more vulnerable to illness or death

27

tend and befriend

under stress, people (especially women) often provide support to others (tend) and bond with and seek support from others (befriend)

28

health psych

a subfield of psych that provides psychs contribution to behavioural medicine

29

psychoneuroimmunology

the study of how psychological, neural and endocrine processes together affect the immune system and resulting health

30

T Lymphocytes

white blood cells, that mature in the thymus and other lymphatic tissue and attack cancer cells, viruses and foreign substances