Chapter 10 - Intelligence Flashcards Preview

Psych 100B > Chapter 10 - Intelligence > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 10 - Intelligence Deck (39)
Loading flashcards...
1

intelligence

the mental potential to learn from experience, solve problems and us knowledge to adapt to new situations

2

general intelligence (g)

a factor that, according to Spearman and others, underlies specific mental abilities and is therefore measured by every task on an intelligence test, this belief stemmed from his work in factor analysis

3

factor analysis

a statistical procedure identifies clusters of related terms

4

evolutionary familiar situations

marrying and parenting, forming close friendships, and navigating without maps

5

gardner's multiple intelligences

linguistic, logical, mathematical, musical, spatial (art), bodily-kinaesthetic, intrapersonal (self), interpersonal (others), naturalist, (existential - 9th proposed - ponder large questions about life and death)

6

savant syndrome

a condition in which a person has limited mental ability but is exceptional in a specific skill, such as computation or drawing. 4 in 5 people with this are males and may also have autism

7

sternberg's three intelligences

analytical (academic problem solving), creative, and practical

8

analytical (academic problem solving) intelligence

intelligence tests that have well-defined problems and a single right answer. this predicts school grades well.

9

creative intelligence

the ability to generate novel ideas

10

practical intelligence

required for everyday tasks that could have many solutions

11

Sternberg + Gardner agree that....

multiple abilities can contribute to life success and differing varieties of giftedness, add spice to life and challenges for education

12

10 year rule

a common ingredient of expert performance in chess, dancing, sports, computer programming, music and medicine is 'about 10 years of intense, daily practice'. gift of nature with a whole lot of nurture.

13

emotional intelligence

the ability to perceive, understand, manage, and use emotions. these people are socially aware and self aware

14

intelligence tests

assess peoples mental abilities and compares them with others, usually using numerical scores

15

achievement test

to reflect on what you have learned. for example: exams

16

aptitude test

intended to predict your ability to learn a new skill. aptitude is the capacity to learn. for example, an entrance exam

17

mental age

a measure of intelligence test performance devised by Binet; the chronological age that most typically corresponds to a given level of performance

18

Stanford-Binet

the widely used American revision (by Terman at Stanford University) of Binets original intelligence test

19

intelligence quotient (IQ)

a person's mental age divided by chronological age and multiplied by 100 to get rid of the decimal point. if mental and chronological age is the same their IQ is 100

20

Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS)

and its companion versions for children are the most widely used intelligence tests; contain verbal and performance (nonverbal) subtests. the latest edition has 15 subtests including similarities, vocabulary, block design and letter-number sequencing

21

standardization

defining uniform testing procedures and meaningful scores by comparison with performance of a pretested group

22

normal curve

bell shaped curve that describes the distribution of many physical and psychological attributes. most scores fall near the average.

23

reliability

the extent to which a test yields consistent results, as assessed by the consistency of scores on two halves of the test, on alternative forms of the test or on retesting.

24

validity

the extent to which a test measures or predicts what it promises

25

content validity

the extent to which a test samples the behaviour that is of interest

26

predictive validity

the success with which a test predicts the behaviour it is designed to predict; it is assessed by computing the correlation between test scores and the criteria on behaviour

27

cohort

a group of people sharing a common characteristic, such as from a given time period

28

crystallized intelligence

our accumulated knowledge as reflected in vocabulary and analogies tests- increases up to old age.

29

fluid intelligence

our ability to reason speedily and abstractly, as when solving novel logic problems - decreases during late adulthood

30

intellectual disability (mental retardation)

a condition of limited mental ability, indicated by an intelligence test score of 70 or below and difficulty adapting to the demand of life. people with this have difficulty with conceptual skills, social skills, and practical skills