Chapter 2 Cultural Competence Flashcards Preview

304 Health Assessment Lecture > Chapter 2 Cultural Competence > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 2 Cultural Competence Deck (11)
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1

What are the characteristics of culture?

learned
shared
adapted
dynamic

2

How is ethnicity described?

- a group united by the following:
Common geographic origin
Migratory status
Religion
Race
Language
Shared values, traditions, or symbols
Food preferences

3

What is socialization?

process of being raised within a culture and acquiring characteristics of that group

4

What is acculturation?

process of adapting to and acquiring another culture

5

What is assimilation?

process of developing a new cultural identity and becoming like members of a dominant culture

6

What is biculturalism?

dual pattern of identification and often of divided loyalty

7

What is the biomedical disease causation theories?

Assumes cause and effect
Views the body as a machine
Life can be divided into parts
Endorses germ theory

8

What is the naturalistic disease causation theory?

Forces of nature must be kept in balance
Embraces idea of opposing categories or forces
Yin and yang, hot and cold

9

What is the magicoreligious disease causation theory?

Supernatural powers predominate in area of health and illness
Examples include voodoo, witchcraft, and faith healing

10

What is the healing and culture disease causation theory?

In addition to seeking help from health care providers, patients may also seek help from folk or religious healers
Hispanics or American Indians may believe that cure is incomplete unless healing is carried out for the body, mind, and spirit

11

Describe transcultural expressions of pain?

Expectations, manifestations, and management of pain are all embedded in a cultural context
Pain has been found to be a highly personal experience, depending on cultural learning, the meaning of the situation, and other factors unique to the person
Silent suffering has been identified as the most valued response to pain by health care professionals