Flashcards in Chapter 2 Cultural Competence Deck (11)
What are the characteristics of culture?
How is ethnicity described?
- a group united by the following:
Common geographic origin
Shared values, traditions, or symbols
What is socialization?
process of being raised within a culture and acquiring characteristics of that group
What is acculturation?
process of adapting to and acquiring another culture
What is assimilation?
process of developing a new cultural identity and becoming like members of a dominant culture
What is biculturalism?
dual pattern of identification and often of divided loyalty
What is the biomedical disease causation theories?
Assumes cause and effect
Views the body as a machine
Life can be divided into parts
Endorses germ theory
What is the naturalistic disease causation theory?
Forces of nature must be kept in balance
Embraces idea of opposing categories or forces
Yin and yang, hot and cold
What is the magicoreligious disease causation theory?
Supernatural powers predominate in area of health and illness
Examples include voodoo, witchcraft, and faith healing
What is the healing and culture disease causation theory?
In addition to seeking help from health care providers, patients may also seek help from folk or religious healers
Hispanics or American Indians may believe that cure is incomplete unless healing is carried out for the body, mind, and spirit