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Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (72)
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1

primary source

is an original article or report in which researchers communicate directly to the reader the methods and results of their studies

2

secondary source

is one that reviews, summarizes, or discusses primary research (e.g., a textbook chapter)

3

Examples of secondary sources:

Professional Books and Textbooks
Encyclopedias
Reviews, Yearbooks, and Handbooks

4

The Purpose of Reviewing Related Literature

Refining the Research Problem

Establishing the Conceptual or Theoretical Orientation

Developing Significance

Identifying Methodological Limitations

Identifying Contradictory Findings

Developing Research Hypotheses

Learning About New Information

5

PsychINFO

Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms

6

The most highly used database in education is ________.

ERIC

7

The most highly used database in psychology is __________.

PsychINFO

Different versions of this database contain information on articles from the late 1800’s, and full text version from the late 1900’s.

8

____________ contains both scholarly and popular articles.

Info Trac Onefile

9

___________ and __________ publications work well in searches.

Journal Articles
Reports/Research

10

The goal of your search

should be to come up with an acceptable number of articles and/or reports for your purposes.

11

Meta Analyses

These combine the results of many primary sources on the same topic to determine an overall “effect size”

Different meta analyses on the same topic may come to somewhat different conclusions on effect size.

12

Best-Evidence Synthesis

This type of combination of primary sources results in a narrative, rather than statistical, summary as to the best practices in a field based upon the findings of primary sources (both quantitative and qualitative).

13

AND

The most common way of limiting a search is to use the connector "and."

14

Put _________ around sets.

parentheses

15

Put _______ around phrases.

quotation marks

16

Put ________ between terms.

commas

17

The purpose of the review

is to relate previous research and theory to the problem under investigation.

18

Refining the Research Problem

The researcher learns how others have defined the general problem in more specific ways.

19

Establishing the Conceptual or Theoretical Orientation

The researcher places his/her study within the context of pertinent conceptual frameworks or theoretical orientations.

20

Developing Significance

The researcher can demonstrate the significance of his/her study within the context of previous knowledge.

21

Identifying Methodological Limitations

The researcher can identify promising methodological approaches while avoiding problematic ones.

22

Identifying Contradictory Findings

The researcher can discover contradictory findings or theories in the literature, and these can prove fruitful as areas for further research.

23

Developing Research Hypotheses

In quantitative studies, previous research may suggest a particular result in the current study. When no such studies exist, existing theory should be used to justify your hypotheses.

24

Learning About New Information

The literature review provides an opportunity to learn about new information the researcher hadn’t previously been aware of.

25

Take what kinds of notes when reading articles?

Make sure to record the bibliographic information on the article.
Indicate participants, instruments, and procedures.
Summarize results and conclusions.
Note any weaknesses or limitations.
Make note of the overall importance and quality of the article; you can use a rating scale to do this.

26

Strengths of Using the Internet


Strengths
Provides current information and covers niche topics
Can be accessed from everywhere
Easier to find most current copies of those journals that post their material online; full text articles often available
International material available (though often not in English)

27

Weaknesses of Using the Internet

Weaknesses
Does not provide access to all scholarly works.
Accuracy and validity of information often difficult to check.
No standardized search terms.
That fact that anyone can publish a web page means that quality can be dubious.

28

Subject directories

are the “yellow pages” of the Internet in which you can browse through lists of Internet resources by topic. Typically, each topic is located within a hierarchy of subjects.

29

The advantage of ____________ is that the content has been reviewed and organized by a human.

subject directories

30

Search engines

are large searchable databases of webpages