Chapter 3: Brain and Cognitive Development Flashcards Preview

Adolescent Psychology > Chapter 3: Brain and Cognitive Development > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 3: Brain and Cognitive Development Deck (13):
1

adolescent brain

increase in white matter (myelinated axons) and decrease in grey matter (soma and dendrites)

2

NT dopamine

increase --> more risk taking and use of addictive drugs

3

Corpus Callosum

thickening improves adolescent's ability to process information

4

PFC

reasoning, decision making, and self-control

5

Amygdala

emotions- develops earlier than PFC -- so they have trouble controlling emotions

6

Vygotsky social constructionist approach

emphasizes social contexts of learning and the construction of knowledge through social interaction

7

Executive functioning

higher-order, complex cognitive processes that include exercising cognitive control, making decisions, reasoning, thinking critically, thinking creatively, and metacognition

8

Cognitive Control

flexible thinking, controlling attention, reducing interfering thoughts

9

Dual-process model

analytical and experiential systems compete with one another

10

Intelligence

the ability to solve problems and to adapt and learn from everyday experiences

11

Sternberg

analytical, creative, and practical

12

Gardner

verbal, mathematical, spatial, bodily-kinesthetic, musical, interpersonal, intrapersonal, naturalist

13

social cognition

the ways people conceptualize and reason about their social worlds