Chapter 3- Language Acquisition Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 3- Language Acquisition Deck (18)
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1

What are the three domains of language?

Form, content, use

2

What makes up form?

phonology, morphology, syntax

3

What makes up content?

semantics

4

What makes up use?

Pragmatics

5

What refers to where the articulators approximate each other to create a sound source for consonants?

Place of articulation

6

What refers to how the sound is modified along the vocal tract for consonants?

Manner of articulation

7

What refers to the presence or absence of vocal fold vibration when producing sounds?

Voicing

8

Describe place, manner, & voicing of /b/

1. bilabial
2. stop
3. voiced

9

Describe place, manner, & voicing of /h/

1. glottal
2. fricative
3. unvoiced

10

How are vowels characterized?

1. tongue height
2. tongue advancement
3. tension or lax

11

What is overgeneralization?

A type of semantic error: saying "ball" for "moon" indicating a child thinks a word meaning is more broadly applied

12

What is undergeneralization?

only saying the child's dog is "dog" but not other dogs indicates a child thinks a word's meaning is too restricted or narrow

13

Early language development & vocabulary is comprised primarily of what?

nouns

14

When do children begin to acquire verbs?

24 months

15

What is a free morpheme?

those that stand alone and carry meaning (e.g., tree, house, dog, milk)

16

What is a bound morpheme?

must be combined to a free morpheme in order to be meaningful (e.g., -s, -ing)

17

What are the two types of affixes?

Prefixes & suffixes

18

How is MLU calculated?

total number of free & bound morphemes/total number of utterances