Flashcards in Physiological and acoustic phonetics: a speech science foundation Deck (59)
The study of speech sounds
Language as a system with its organized components
Systems necessary to produce sound for speech
Respiration, phonation, resonance, articulation
a code or system of symbols used to express concepts formed through exposure and experience
The scientific study of the sound systems and patterns used to create the sounds and words of a language
The smallest unit of sound that can affect meaning
Variations of phonemes
end in vowels
end in consonants
What are the 3 parameters for consonant description?
Place, manner, voicing
Place of articulation
refers to the location of the sounds' production within the speech production mechanism
refers to vocal fold vibration during production of sounds
Manner of articulation
refers to the degree or type of constriction of the vocal tract during consonant production
What are the bilabial sounds?
p, b, m, w
What are the labiodental sounds?
What are the linguadental sounds?
voiced and voiceless th
What are the lingua-alveolar sounds?
n, t, d, s, z, l
What are the linguapalatal sounds?
sh, dg, ch, r, y
What are the linguavelar sounds?
ng, k, g
What is the glottal sound?
m, n, ng
p, b, t, d, k, g
f, v, th-voiced and voiceless, s, z, sh, h
What are cognate pairs?
Sounds that are identical in every way except voicing
Describe nasal sounds
Produced by keeping the velopharyngeal port open- allows for sound produced by the vibrating VF to pass through the nasal cavity
Describe fricative sounds
Sounds that have a "hissing" quality that results fromm the continuous forcing of air through a narrow constriction
Have both a stop and a fricative component