Physiological and acoustic phonetics: a speech science foundation Flashcards Preview

PRAXIS and COMPS > Physiological and acoustic phonetics: a speech science foundation > Flashcards

Flashcards in Physiological and acoustic phonetics: a speech science foundation Deck (59)
Loading flashcards...
1

The study of speech sounds

Phonetics

2

Language as a system with its organized components

Linguistics

3

Systems necessary to produce sound for speech

Respiration, phonation, resonance, articulation

4

a code or system of symbols used to express concepts formed through exposure and experience

language

5

The scientific study of the sound systems and patterns used to create the sounds and words of a language

Phonology

6

The smallest unit of sound that can affect meaning

phonemes

7

Variations of phonemes

allophones

8

Open syllables

end in vowels

9

closed syllables

end in consonants

10

What are the 3 parameters for consonant description?

Place, manner, voicing

11

Place of articulation

refers to the location of the sounds' production within the speech production mechanism

12

Voicing

refers to vocal fold vibration during production of sounds

13

Manner of articulation

refers to the degree or type of constriction of the vocal tract during consonant production

14

What are the bilabial sounds?

p, b, m, w

15

What are the labiodental sounds?

f, v

16

What are the linguadental sounds?

voiced and voiceless th

17

What are the lingua-alveolar sounds?

n, t, d, s, z, l

18

What are the linguapalatal sounds?

sh, dg, ch, r, y

19

What are the linguavelar sounds?

ng, k, g

20

What is the glottal sound?

h

21

Nasal sounds

m, n, ng

22

Stops

p, b, t, d, k, g

23

Fricatives

f, v, th-voiced and voiceless, s, z, sh, h

24

Liquids

l, r

25

Glides

w, j

26

What are cognate pairs?

Sounds that are identical in every way except voicing

27

Describe nasal sounds

Produced by keeping the velopharyngeal port open- allows for sound produced by the vibrating VF to pass through the nasal cavity

28

Describe fricative sounds

Sounds that have a "hissing" quality that results fromm the continuous forcing of air through a narrow constriction

29

Describe affricates

Have both a stop and a fricative component

30

Describe stops

produced by complete constriction or closure of the vocal tract at some point, so the airflow is completely stopped