Chapter 6- Speech sound disorders in children Flashcards Preview

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1

How are consonants classified?

1. Voicing
2. Place
3. Manner

2

What is a monophthong?

a type of vowel that has a single, unchanging sound quality

3

What is a diphthong?

A type of vowel produced with a gradually changing articulation that produces a complex, dynamic sound quality

4

How are vowels classified?

1. Tongue height
2. tongue advancement
3. Tense/lax
4. Lip configuration

5

What is nondistinctive phonetic variant for a phoneme?

allophone

6

What is the influence of phonetic context on speech production?

coarticulation

7

What is it called when one of a pair of sounds that are different by just one phonemic feature?

cognate pairs

8

What is the mark added to a phonetic character to indicate some form of modification called?

diacritic

9

Different usage patterns in terms of pronunciation, vocabulary, and/or grammar within the same language

dialect

10

the minimal unit of meaning, the smallest unit of language that carries semantic interpretation

morpheme

11

What is an obstruent?

a sound that has a complete or narrow constriction of the vocal tract- stops, fricatives, affricates

12

the basic sound segment that has the linguistic function of distinguishing morphemes

phoneme

13

the study of sound systems of language

phonology

14

involves the suprasegmental characteristics of intonation, stress patterns, loudness variations, pausing, and rhythm

prosody

15

Describe the behaviorist theory & how it applies to acquisition of speech & language

Verbal development is learned through:
1. contingent reinforcement
2. stimulus-response

Infant's early vocalizations & babbling are reinforced by parents

16

Which phonological processes are expected to be suppressed by age 3?

1. weak syllable deletion
2. FCD
3. Doubling
4. Diminutization
5. velar fronting
6. consonant assimilation
7. reduplication
8. prevocalic voicing

17

Children between 19-24 months should be how intelligbible?

25-50%

18

Children between 2-3 years should be how intelligible?

50-75%

19

Children between 4-5 years old should be how intelligible?

75-90%

20

Children at 5 years of age should be how intelligible?

100% intelligible

21

What skill is correlated with literacy skills?

phonological/phonemic awareness

22

What is a screening?

a concise appraisal of speech skills to determine if further assessment is necessary, typically a pass/fail

23

What is the purpose of assessment?

determine if therapy is necessary, identify strengths & weaknesses, presence or absence of a SSD, frequency or type of intervention